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  1. Content type: Research

    The widespread Escherichia coli clone ST131 implicated in multidrug-resistant infections has been recently reported, the majority belonging to O25:H4 serotype and classified into five main virotypes in accordance...

    Authors: Edwin Barrios-Villa, Gerardo Cortés-Cortés, Patricia Lozano-Zaraín, Margarita María de la Paz Arenas-Hernández, Claudia Fabiola Martínez de la Peña, Ygnacio Martínez-Laguna, Carmen Torres and Rosa del Carmen Rocha-Gracia

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:42

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  2. Content type: Research

    Fluoroquinolone-resistant Haemophilus influenzae (FRHI) has been reported worldwide but remain unclear in China.

    Authors: Dingqiang Chen, Shuxian Wen, Donghua Feng, Ruirui Xu, Junyan Liu, Brian M. Peters, Danhong Su, Yongping Lin, Ling Yang, Zhenbo Xu and Mark E. Shirtliff

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:41

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  3. Content type: Research

    The long-term use of intrauterine devices (IUDs) may lead to biofilm formation on the surface. The aim of this study was to perform the culture- and PCR-based detection of bacteria/fungi from the biofilm of th...

    Authors: András Ádám, Zoltán Pál, Gabriella Terhes, Márta Szűcs, Israel David Gabay and Edit Urbán

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:40

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  4. Content type: Research

    Empiric antimicrobial therapy (EAMT) using imipenem/colistin is commonly prescribed as a first line therapy in critically ill patients with severe sepsis. We aimed to assess the appropriateness of prescribing ...

    Authors: Ahlem Trifi, Sami Abdellatif, Cyrine Abdennebi, Foued Daly, Rochdi Nasri, Yosr Touil and Salah Ben Lakhal

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:39

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  5. Content type: Short Report

    Clindamycin is a protein synthesis inhibitory agent that has the ability to suppress the expression of virulence factors in Staphylococcus aureus. Recent guidelines recommend the use of clindamycin for the treatm...

    Authors: Elisabeth Hodille, Cédric Badiou, Caroline Bouveyron, Michèle Bes, Anne Tristan, François Vandenesch, Gérard Lina and Oana Dumitrescu

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:38

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  6. Content type: Research

    Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) is a major public health threat that results in increased length of stay, hospital readmissions, deaths, and economic burden. CDAD treatment is often guided by sev...

    Authors: Jonathan C. Cho, Sandy J. Estrada, Jamie J. Kisgen, Angelina Davis and Laura Puzniak

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:37

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  7. Content type: Review

    During clinical use, gastrointestinal endoscopes are grossly contaminated with patient’s native flora. These endoscopes undergo reprocessing to prevent infectious transmission upon future use. Endoscopy-associ...

    Authors: Charles Eugenio McCafferty, Marra Jai Aghajani, David Abi-Hanna, Iain Bruce Gosbell and Slade Owen Jensen

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:36

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  8. Content type: Review

    Mycetoma is a chronic mutilating disease of the skin and the underlying tissues caused by fungi or bacteria. Although recently included in the list of neglected tropical diseases by the World Health Organizati...

    Authors: Pembi Emmanuel, Shyam Prakash Dumre, Stephen John, Juntra Karbwang and Kenji Hirayama

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:35

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  9. Content type: Research

    Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) are one of the main bacteria causing urinary tract infections (UTIs). The rates of UPEC with high resistance towards antibiotics and multidrug-resistant bacteria have increas...

    Authors: Flor Y. Ramírez-Castillo, Adriana C. Moreno-Flores, Francisco J. Avelar-González, Francisco Márquez-Díaz, Josée Harel and Alma L. Guerrero-Barrera

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:34

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  10. Content type: Research

    Aminoglycosides such as amikacin and kanamycin are effective injectable second-line drugs for treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. Molecular mechanisms underlying aminoglycoside resistance are not we...

    Authors: Angkanang Sowajassatakul, Therdsak Prammananan, Angkana Chaiprasert and Saranya Phunpruch

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:33

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  11. Content type: Review

    The introduction of the dengue virus (DENV) in Nepal is recent, first reports date back to 2004 from a Japanese traveller and limited information is available about DENV infection in the Nepali population. Wit...

    Authors: Birendra Prasad Gupta, Andrea Haselbeck, Jerome H. Kim, Florian Marks and Tarun Saluja

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:32

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  12. Content type: Case Report

    Streptococcus pyogenes is an uncommon pathogen of purpura fulminans, and the pathogenesis of S. pyogenes-purpura fulminans remains unclear because of paucity of cases. We reported a pediatric case of S. pyogenes-...

    Authors: Sayaka Okuzono, Masataka Ishimura, Shunsuke Kanno, Motoshi Sonoda, Noriyuki Kaku, Yoshitomo Motomura, Hisanori Nishio, Utako Oba, Masuo Hanada, Jun-ichi Fukushi, Michiyo Urata, Dongchon Kang, Hidetoshi Takada and Shouichi Ohga

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:31

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  13. Content type: Research

    Curable disease tuberculosis is becoming incurable or difficult to treat due to drug resistance. Multi drug resistance tuberculosis is a major health problem for less developed countries. Development of drug r...

    Authors: Dabesa Gobena, Gemechu Ameya, Kinfe Haile, Getaneh Abreha, Yoseph Worku and Tessema Debela

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:30

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  14. Content type: Research

    All Helicobacter pylori-infected patients are recommended for eradication with an appropriate regimen in each geographic area. The choice of the therapy is somewhat dependent on the antimicrobial susceptibility. ...

    Authors: Hiroki Tanabe, Keiichi Yoshino, Katsuyoshi Ando, Yoshiki Nomura, Katsuhisa Ohta, Kiichi Satoh, Eiichiro Ichiishi, Akiei Ishizuka, Takaaki Otake, Yutaka Kohgo, Mikihiro Fujiya and Toshikatsu Okumura

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:29

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  15. Content type: Research

    The group B Streptococcus (GBS) is a human commensal bacterium, which is capable of causing several infectious diseases in infants, and people with chronic diseases. GBS has been the most common cause of infectio...

    Authors: Yong Guo, Xiao Deng, Yuan Liang, Liang Zhang, Guo-Ping Zhao and Yan Zhou

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:28

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  16. Content type: Research

    In children, urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of a common bacterial infection. This study was conducted to detect the uropathogen, antimicrobial susceptibility, pathogen associated with recurrences and ren...

    Authors: Jayaweera Arachchige Asela Sampath Jayaweera and Mohommed Reyes

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:27

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  17. Content type: Research

    Antibiotics are frequently prescribed at many of the visits to primary care clinics, often for conditions for which they provide no benefit, including viral respiratory tract infections.

    Authors: Marcelo Low, Ronit Almog, Ran D. Balicer, Nicky Liberman, Raul Raz, Avi Peretz and Orna Nitzan

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:26

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  18. Content type: Research

    Miscarriage and preterm delivery are the most important challenges of pregnancy. Different bacterial and viral infection may cause miscarriage and preterm delivery. Among bacterial factors, Mycoplasma genitalium ...

    Authors: Monireh Rahimkhani, A. Mordadi and M. Gilanpour

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:25

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  19. Content type: Research

    Acinetobacter baumannii causes difficult-to-treat nosocomial infections, which often lead to morbidity due to the development of antimicrobial drug resistance and expression of virulence genes. Data regarding the...

    Authors: Abbas Bahador, Zahra Farshadzadeh, Reza Raoofian, Masoumeh Mokhtaran, Babak Pourakbari, Maryam Pourhajibagher and Farhad B. Hashemi

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:24

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  20. Content type: Research

    Campylobacter is a leading cause of foodborne gasteroenteritis worldwide. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing for Campylobacter spp. is not routinely performed by most clinical laboratories. However, the emergen...

    Authors: Maya Azrad, Linda Tkhawkho, Natalia Isakovich, Orna Nitzan and Avi Peretz

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:23

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  21. Content type: Research

    Matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) has been proved to be a useful tool for identification of pathogens directly isolated from blood cultures in clinical...

    Authors: Jiajia Yu, Jingxian Liu, Yuanrui Li, Jing Yu, Weinan Zhu, Ying Liu and Lisong Shen

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:22

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Mycotic aneurysm is an uncommon disease which could be fatal without appropriate treatment. Although standard therapy for mycotic aneurysms consists of resection of the infected aorta and in situ graft replace...

    Authors: Kei Furui Ebisawa, Sho Nishimura, Shungo Yamamoto, Goh Ohji and Kentaro Iwata

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:21

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  23. Content type: Research

    Nosocomial outbreak due to carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae has become serious challenge to patient treatment and infection control. We describe an outbreak due to a multidrug-resistant Providencia rettger...

    Authors: Saeam Shin, Seok Hoon Jeong, Hyukmin Lee, Jun Sung Hong, Min-Jeong Park and Wonkeun Song

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:20

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  24. Content type: Case Report

    Raoultella planticola, a Gram-negative, aerobic bacillus commonly isolated from soil and water, rarely causes invasive infections in humans. Septic shock from R. planticola after burn injury has not been previous...

    Authors: Tetsuya Yumoto, Hiromichi Naito, Hiromi Ihoriya, Kohei Tsukahara, Tomoyuki Ota, Toshiyuki Watanabe and Atsunori Nakao

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:19

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  25. Content type: Short Report

    Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus poses a threat to elderly living in nursing homes. Studies focusing on the epidemiology of colonization may help in the design of infection control strategies.

    Authors: Monica da Silveira, Maria de Lourdes Ribeiro de Souza da Cunha, Camila Sena Martins de Souza, Adriana Aparecida Feltrin Correa and Carlos Magno Castelo Branco Fortaleza

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:18

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  26. Content type: Review

    Hepatitis E virus (HEV), a non-enveloped single stranded RNA virus causes sporadic cases of hepatitis or outbreaks. The disease is generally self-limited although it may cause fulminant hepatitis in pregnant w...

    Authors: Hakan Leblebicioglu and Resat Ozaras

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:17

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  27. Content type: Research

    Antibiotic resistance is a defense mechanism, harbored by pathogens to survive under unfavorable conditions. Among several antibiotic resistant microbial consortium, Staphylococcus aureus is one of the most havoc...

    Authors: Shailima Rampogu, Ayoung Baek, Rajesh Goud Gajula, Amir Zeb, Rohit S. Bavi, Raj Kumar, Yongseong Kim, Yong Jung Kwon and Keun Woo Lee

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:16

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  28. Content type: Research

    The increasing incidence of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CRE), has resulted in a difficult problem in the current clinical anti-infective treatment. We performed a retrospective analysis of prevalence...

    Authors: Feng Pang, Xiu-Qin Jia, Qi-Gang Zhao and Yi Zhang

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:13

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  29. Content type: Research

    CTX-M-55 extended-spectrum beta-lactamases are being rapidly disseminated and transmitted in clinical practices around the world. The genetic contexts of the transferable plasmid-mediated blaCTX-M-55 gene in Ente...

    Authors: Xiaoxin Hu, Jianjun Gou, Xiaobing Guo, Zaiqiu Cao, Yuan Li, Hongjian Jiao, Xiaohong He, Yihui Ren and Fuyun Tian

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:12

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  30. Content type: Case Report

    Neisseria meningitidis is associated with meningitis and septicemia. Septic meningococcal arthritis is relatively uncommon and its diagnosis associated with clinical and microbiological challenges. Early recognit...

    Authors: Donnchadh O’Sullivan, Barry Linnane, Amanda Mostyn, Nteimam Jonathan, Marie Lenihan, Nuala H. O’Connell and Colum P. Dunne

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:14

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  31. Content type: Research

    The most important concern with polymyxins (Colistin and Polymyxin B) use is nephrotoxicity. There is no prospective data comparing nephrotoxicity of these two drugs, when administered in high doses and as per...

    Authors: Ritesh Aggarwal and Arun Dewan

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:15

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  32. Content type: Research

    Clarithromycin (CLR) resistance has become a predominant factor for treatment failure of Helicobacter pylori eradication. Although the molecular mechanism of CLR resistance has been clearly understood in H. pylor...

    Authors: Jiaoe Chen, Liping Ye, Liangmin Jin, Xuehua Xu, Peisong Xu, Xianjun Wang and Hongzhang Li

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:10

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  33. Content type: Case Report

    Cardiobacterium is a fastidious Gram-negative bacillus, and is a rare human pathogen in clinical settings. Herein, we describe a case of Cardiobacterium valvarum (C. valvarum) endocarditis with a rare complicatio...

    Authors: Lijia Ni, Xiaoying Xie, Nengyong Ouyang, Baiji Chen, Dongye Wang, Xiaoqiang Liu, Xiquan Wu, Jiajian Guo, Hongyu Li, Yandan Yao and Songyin Huang

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:11

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  34. Content type: Research

    To explore the influences of prenatal antibiotic exposure, the intensity of prenatal and postnatal antibiotic exposure on gut microbiota of preterm infants and whether gut microbiota and drug resistant strains...

    Authors: Zhi-Hui Zou, Dong Liu, Hong-Dong Li, Dan-Ping Zhu, Yu He, Ting Hou and Jia-Lin Yu

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:9

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  35. Content type: Research

    Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) constitutes a major global health concern causing hospital and community acquired infections. A wide diversity of MRSA genotypes are circulating in geographicall...

    Authors: Khaled R. Alkharsah, Suriya Rehman, Fatimah Alkhamis, Amani Alnimr, Asim Diab and Amein K. Al-Ali

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:7

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  36. Content type: Research

    In developing countries, malaria diagnosis relies on microscopy and rapid diagnostic tests. In Senegal, national malaria control program (NMCP) regularly conducts supervisory visits in health services where ma...

    Authors: Mamadou Alpha Diallo, Khadim Diongue, Mame Cheikh Seck, Mouhamadou Ndiaye, Ibrahima Diallo, Younouss Diedhiou, Tolla Ndiaye, Yaye Die Ndiaye, Aida Sadikh Badiane and Daouda Ndiaye

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:8

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  37. Content type: Review

    Dengue is a global health problem and expansion of its endemics towards new territories in the hilly regions in Nepal is a serious concern. It appeared as a new disease in Nepal in 2004 from Japanese traveler ...

    Authors: Birendra Prasad Gupta, Reshma Tuladhar, Roshan Kurmi and Krishna Das Manandhar

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:6

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  38. Content type: Short report

    In vitro trends of cefazolin and ceftriaxone susceptibilities from pediatric clinical isolates of methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA) between 2011 and 2016 were analyzed for surveillance.

    Authors: Benjamin H. Gern, Alexander L. Greninger, Scott J. Weissman, Jennifer R. Stapp, Yue Tao and Xuan Qin

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:5

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  39. Content type: Research

    The extended- spectrum β-lactamase producing bacteria are widely spread worldwide. The productions of these enzymes cause bacterial resistance to a wide range of antibiotics. The aim of this study was to inves...

    Authors: Masomeh Dehshiri, Seyed Sajjad Khoramrooz, Mohammad Zoladl, Seyed Abdolmajid Khosravani, Najmeh Parhizgari, Mohammad Hossein Motazedian, Soheyla Jahedi and Asghar Sharifi

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:4

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  40. Content type: Research

    Urinary tract infection (UTIS) is a common infectious disease in which level of antimicrobial resistance are alarming worldwide. Therefore, this study aims to describe the prevalence and the resistance pattern...

    Authors: Menyfah Q. Alanazi, Fulwah Y. Alqahtani and Fadilah S. Aleanizy

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:3

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  41. Content type: Review

    Infection in surgical incision often results in poor wound healing, and one of the main factors for wound infection is the use of antimicrobial agents. Rational use of antibiotics is one of the key factors to ...

    Authors: Xu Yang, Xurao Xiao, Lefeng Wang, Yue Ao, Yapeng Song, Huabing Wang and Huanan Wang

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:2

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  42. Content type: Research

    Diarrheal diseases continue to be the major cause of morbidity and mortality among children under 5 years. Salmonella and Shigella specious are the major enteric pathogen causing diarrhea among children worldwide...

    Authors: Gemechu Ameya, Tsegaye Tsalla, Fasil Getu and Eyob Getu

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:1

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  43. Content type: Research

    The clinical outcomes and cost implications of a diagnostic shift from an EIA- to PCR-based assay for Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) have not been completely described in the literature.

    Authors: Margaret M. Guinta, Kristen Bunnell, Amanda Harrington, Susan Bleasdale, Larry Danziger and Eric Wenzler

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2017 16:77

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  44. Content type: Review

    The spread of carbapenemase-producing K. pneumoniae (CPKP) has become a significant problem worldwide. Combination therapy for CPKP is encouraging, but polymyxin resistance to many antibiotics is hampering effect...

    Authors: David M. Jacobs, M. Courtney Safir, Dennis Huang, Faisal Minhaj, Adam Parker and Gauri G. Rao

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2017 16:76

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  45. Content type: Research

    Acinetobacter baumannii is a nosocomial pathogen which is establishing as a major cause of morbidity and mortality within the healthcare community. The success of this pathogen is larg...

    Authors: Kevin M. Raible, Bhaswati Sen, Nancy Law, Tiffany E. Bias, Christopher L. Emery, Garth D. Ehrlich and Suresh G. Joshi

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2017 16:75

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  46. Content type: Research

    Enteric fever has persistence of great impact in Sudanese public health especially during rainy season when the causative agent Salmonella enterica serovar Typhi possesses pan endemic patterns in most regions of ...

    Authors: Ayman A. Elshayeb, Abdelazim A. Ahmed, Marmar A. El Siddig and Adil A. El Hussien

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2017 16:73

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  47. Content type: Research

    Recently, we published data suggesting a mutualistic relationship between HSV-1 and Candida. albicans; in particular: (a) HSV-1 infected macrophages are inhibited in their anti-Candida effector function and (b) C...

    Authors: Cristian Ascione, Arianna Sala, Elham Mazaheri-Tehrani, Simona Paulone, Beniamino Palmieri, Elisabetta Blasi and Claudio Cermelli

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2017 16:72

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  48. Content type: Research

    Acinetobacter baumannii is an important nosocomial pathogen that can develop multidrug resistance. In this study, we characterized the genome of the A. baumannii strain DMS06669 (isola...

    Authors: Nguyen Si-Tuan, Hua My Ngoc, Pham Thi Thu Hang, Cuong Nguyen, Pham Hung Van and Nguyen Thuy Huong

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2017 16:74

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  49. Content type: Research

    Over recent decades, a dramatic increase in infections caused by multidrug-resistant pathogens has been observed worldwide. The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between local resist...

    Authors: Luminita Baditoiu, Carmen Axente, Diana Lungeanu, Delia Muntean, Florin Horhat, Roxana Moldovan, Elena Hogea, Ovidiu Bedreag, Dorel Sandesc and Monica Licker

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2017 16:71

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  50. Content type: Short report

    Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter spp. are found to be associated with biofilm and metallo-β-lactamase production and are the common causes of serious infections mainly in hospi...

    Authors: Bandana Baniya, Narayan Dutt Pant, Sanjeev Neupane, Saroj Khatiwada, Uday Narayan Yadav, Nisha Bhandari, Rama Khadka, Sabita Bhatta and Raina Chaudhary

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2017 16:70

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