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  1. Carbapenems are β-lactam antibiotics which are used to treat severe infections caused by multidrug resistant Enterobacteriacea. The recent emergence and rapid spread of Enterobacteriaceae resistant to carbapenems...

    Authors: Yijun Ding, Yajuan Wang, Yingfen Hsia, Mike Sharland and Paul T. Heath

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:36

    Content type: Research

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  2. In terms of pediatric healthcare-associated infections (HAI), neonatal intensive care units (NICU) constitute the greatest risk. Contacting a health care personnel, either directly or indirectly, elevates NICU...

    Authors: Meltem Karabay, Gulsum Kaya, Taner Hafizoglu and Oguz Karabay

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:35

    Content type: Research

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  3. The increased prevalence of Klebsiella pneumoniae infections and resistance rates are a current cause for concern. However, data for resistance rates in K. pneumoniae strains from primary hospitals and the resist...

    Authors: Guogang Li, Sheng Zhao, Sipei Wang, Yingqian Sun, Yangxiao Zhou and Xinling Pan

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:34

    Content type: Research

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  4. Brucellosis is one of the most important infection of diseases. Due to its large period of treatment and survival ability of bacteria inside the macrophages, relapse of this disease is the main challenge, espe...

    Authors: Seyed Mostafa Hosseini, Abbas Farmany, Roghayyeh Abbasalipourkabir, Sara Soleimani Asl, Alireza Nourian and Mohammad Reza Arabestani

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:33

    Content type: Research

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  5. Emergence and spread of β-lactamase resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae have posed a serious threat, especially in paediatric patients globally. The present study focuses on explore drug resistance profile and molecu...

    Authors: Sandip Patil, Xiaowen Chen and Feiqiu Wen

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:32

    Content type: Research

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  6. HIV infected patients receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) have extensive musculoskeletal system involvement. Arthralgia and myalgia are the most common forms. Fibromyalgia Syndrome (FMS) is a chronic pain s...

    Authors: Umit Secil Demirdal, Neriman Bilir and Tuna Demirdal

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:31

    Content type: Research

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  7. To analyse the effectiveness of dalbavancin (DBV) in clinical practice as consolidation therapy in patients with bloodstream infection (BSI) and/or infective endocarditis (IE) produced by gram-positive cocci (...

    Authors: Carmen Hidalgo-Tenorio, David Vinuesa, Antonio Plata, Pilar Martin Dávila, Simona Iftimie, Sergio Sequera, Belén Loeches, Luis Eduardo Lopez-Cortés, Mari Carmen Fariñas, Concepción Fernández-Roldan, Rosario Javier-Martinez, Patricia Muñoz, Maria del Mar Arenas-Miras, Francisco Javier Martínez-Marcos, Jose Maria Miró, Carmen Herrero…

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:30

    Content type: Research

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  8. The Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging flavivirus transmitted primarily through arthropods, endemic in Africa, Asia, and the Americas, and is considered a global threat by the World Health Organization.

    Authors: German Arrieta, Salim Mattar, Yeneiris Villero-Wolf, Luty Gomezcaceres and Amanda Doria

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:29

    Content type: Short report

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  9. The emergence of vancomycin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (VRSA) has become a global concern for public health. The proximity of vancomycin-resistant enterococcus (VRE) and methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA...

    Authors: Young Kyung Yoon, Min Jung Lee, Yongguk Ju, Sung Eun Lee, Kyung Sook Yang, Jang Wook Sohn and Min Ja Kim

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:28

    Content type: Research

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  10. Identification of all possible HIV reservoirs is an important aspect in HIV eradication efforts. The urinary tract has however not been well studied as a potential HIV reservoir. In this pilot study we molecul...

    Authors: M. L. Mzingwane, G. Hunt, R. Lassauniere, M. Kalimashe, A. Bongwe, J. Ledwaba, R. E. Chaisson, N. Martinson, K. Richter, S. M. Bowyer and C. T. Tiemessen

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:27

    Content type: Research

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  11. Infections result from invasions of an organism into body tissues leading to diseases and complications that might eventually lead to death. Inappropriate use of antimicrobials has led to development of antimi...

    Authors: Mohamed A. Baraka, Hassan Alsultan, Taha Alsalman, Hussain Alaithan, Md. Ashraful Islam and Abdulsalam A. Alasseri

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:26

    Content type: Research

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  12. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) is one of a medically important Gram-positive bacteria, which can be harboured majorly in the nasal cavity. Risk of consequent infection in a person colonized wi...

    Authors: Alemayehu Reta, Abeba Mengist and Asnakew Tesfahun

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:25

    Content type: Review

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  13. Antimicrobial resistance is a widely recognized public health threat, and stewardship interventions to combat this problem are well described. Less is known about antifungal stewardship (AFS) initiatives and t...

    Authors: Emily Hart, Melanie Nguyen, Meghan Allen, Collin M. Clark and David M. Jacobs

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:24

    Content type: Review

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  14. Cat-scratch disease (CSD) is a zoonotic infection caused by Bartonella henselae and B. clarridgeiae. The typical manifestations of CSD include regional lymphadenitis and fever. However, CSD can have a wide variet...

    Authors: Alexis Alfaro del Pozo, Michelle Angulo-Cruzado, Ricardo Amenero-Vega, Alexander Álvarez-Lulichac, Hugo Fernández-Cosavalente, Joshuan Barboza-Meca and Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:23

    Content type: Case report

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  15. Shigella species are a major cause of dysentery and may attribute for death worldwide. Currently antibiotic resistance became the critical challenges for management of infectious disease. The aim was to conduct a...

    Authors: Siraj Hussen, Getamesay Mulatu and Zemenu Yohannes Kassa

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:22

    Content type: Research

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  16. The development of antibiotic resistance in bacteria is a major public health threat. Infection rates of resistant pathogens continue to rise against nearly all antimicrobials, which has led to development of ...

    Authors: Muhammad Abu Bakr Shabbir, Muhammad Zubair Shabbir, Qin Wu, Sammina Mahmood, Abdul Sajid, Muhammad Kashif Maan, Saeed Ahmed, Umer Naveed, Haihong Hao and Zonghui Yuan

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:21

    Content type: Review

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  17. Despite their critical role in antimicrobial stewardship programs, data on antimicrobial consumption among the pediatric and neonatal population is limited internationally and lacking in Saudi Arabia. The curr...

    Authors: Hanan H. Balkhy, Aiman El-Saed, Ali AlShehri, Mohammad Alshaalan, Omar Hijazi, Ashraf El-Metwally, Sameera M. Aljohany and Saif Al Saif

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:20

    Content type: Research

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  18. Multidrug-resistant (MDR) Acinetobacter baumannii infections are considered as emerging nosocomial infections particularly in patients hospitalized in intensive care units (ICUs). Therefore, reliable detection of...

    Authors: Baris Boral, Özlem Unaldi, Alper Ergin, Riza Durmaz and Özgen Köseoğlu Eser

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:19

    Content type: Research

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  19. Prenatal antibiotic exposure has been associated with an altered infant gut microbiome composition and higher risk of childhood obesity, but no studies have examined if prenatal antibiotics simultaneously alte...

    Authors: Mingyu Zhang, Moira K. Differding, Sara E. Benjamin-Neelon, Truls Østbye, Cathrine Hoyo and Noel T. Mueller

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:18

    Content type: Short report

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  20. The utility of formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) corneal tissue specimens for retrospective diagnosis of microsporidial keratitis was evaluated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis and the ...

    Authors: Satoru Ueno, Hiroshi Eguchi, Fumika Hotta, Masahiko Fukuda, Masatomo Kimura, Kenji Yagita, Takashi Suzuki and Shunji Kusaka

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:17

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) persists in military units in Vietnam despite the availability of antibiotics and vaccines. A hindrance to reducing the incidence of IMD in Vietnam is a lack of molecular d...

    Authors: Thach Xuan Tran, Trang Thu Le, Long Phi Trieu, Christopher M. Austin, Dong Van Quyen and Huong Minh Nguyen

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:16

    Content type: Research

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  22. Prosthetic valve endocarditis (PVE) is a rare but severe complication of valve replacement surgery, with an incidence rate of 0.3–1.2% per patient-year. At present, staphylococci are the predominant causative ...

    Authors: Qianqian Liu, Jialin Jin, Lingyun Shao, Shanshan Weng, Ju Zhou, Feng Li, Wenhong Zhang, Xinhua Weng and Yan Gao

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:15

    Content type: Case report

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  23. Maternal rectovaginal colonization with Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B Streptococcus or GBS) is the most common route for the GBS disease in the perinatal period. The knowledge of maternal colonization, antibi...

    Authors: Mucheye Gizachew, Moges Tiruneh, Feleke Moges and Belay Tessema

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:14

    Content type: Review

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  24. Invasive fungal infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality. Newer antifungals may provide similar efficacy with improved safety compared to older more established treatments. This study aimed to c...

    Authors: Edward T. Van Matre, Shelby L. Evans, Scott W. Mueller, Robert MacLaren, Douglas N. Fish and Tyree H. Kiser

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:13

    Content type: Research

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  25. Bats are an important ecological group within ecosystems. The rabies virus is a Lyssavirus, and haematophagous bats are the principal reservoir; however, the virus has also been detected in non-haematophagous bat...

    Authors: Alfonso Calderón, Camilo Guzmán, Salim Mattar, Virginia Rodríguez, Arles Acosta and Caty Martínez

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:11

    Content type: Research

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  26. Considerable progress has been made in dengue management, however the lack of appropriate predictors of severity has led to huge number of unwanted admissions mostly decided on the grounds of warning signs. Ap...

    Authors: Nguyen Thi Ngoc Phuong, Dao Huy Manh, Shyam Prakash Dumre, Shusaku Mizukami, Lan Nguyen Weiss, Nguyen Van Thuong, Tran Thi Ngoc Ha, Le Hong Phuc, Tran Van An, Thuan Minh Tieu, Mohamed Gomaa Kamel, Mostafa Ebraheem Morra, Vu Thi Que Huong, Nguyen Tien Huy and Kenji Hirayama

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:10

    Content type: Research

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  27. To analyze the molecular epidemiology and to compare between the major methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus biotypes for association with patient characteristics who had an implant for closed fracture and ...

    Authors: Sonia Jain, Rukhsana Chowdhury, Mousumi Datta, Goutam Chowdhury and Asish Kumar Mukhopadhyay

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:8

    Content type: Research

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  28. Bacteria belonging to the Burkholderia cepacia complex (Bcc) are among the most important pathogens isolated from cystic fibrosis (CF) patients and in hospital acquired infections (HAI). Accurate identification o...

    Authors: Naveen Kumar Devanga Ragupathi and Balaji Veeraraghavan

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:7

    Content type: Review

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  29. Antimicrobial stewardship program (ASP) is a distinguished method to improve the prescription and efficacy of antibiotics.

    Authors: Aliakbar Rahbarimanesh, Sayed Yousef Mojtahedi, Payman Sadeghi, Maryam Ghodsi, Sara Kianfar, Leila Khedmat, Saeedreza Jamali Moghadam Siyahkali, Mohammad Kaji Yazdi and Anahita Izadi

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:6

    Content type: Research

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  30. Malaria rapid diagnostic tests (RDT) are widely used in endemic areas in order to comply with the recommendation that malaria treatment should only be given after the clinical diagnosis has been confirmed by R...

    Authors: Massa dit Achille Bonko, Francois Kiemde, Marc Christian Tahita, Palpouguini Lompo, Athanase M. Some, Halidou Tinto, Michael Boele van Hensbroek, Petra F. Mens and Henk D. F. H. Schallig

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:5

    Content type: Research

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  31. The definition of hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (hvKp), traditionally regarded as hypermucoviscosity, is controversial. However, data based on both phenotype (hypermucoviscous) and genetic (aerobactin) crit...

    Authors: Chao Liu and Jun Guo

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:4

    Content type: Research

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  32. Maternal Streptococcus agalactiae (Group B Streptococcus, GBS) colonization rates and its antibiotic resistance patterns provide important information useful in guiding prevention strategies. There is a paucity o...

    Authors: Mucheye Gizachew, Moges Tiruneh, Feleke Moges, Mulat Adefris, Zemene Tigabu and Belay Tessema

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:3

    Content type: Research

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  33. Drug resistance in Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is a major health issue worldwide. Recently, next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology has begun to be used to detect resistance genes of MTB. We aimed to ass...

    Authors: Dae-Hyun Ko, Eun Jin Lee, Su-Kyung Lee, Han-Sung Kim, So Youn Shin, Jungwon Hyun, Jae-Seok Kim, Wonkeun Song and Hyun Soo Kim

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:2

    Content type: Research

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  34. Acinetobacter baumannii is an important opportunistic pathogen due to its capabilities for developing mechanisms of resistance to a wide range of antimicrobial agents including carbapenems. This review described ...

    Authors: Mutasim E. Ibrahim

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2019 18:1

    Content type: Review

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  35. Standard dosing of meropenem (2 g t.i.d.) produces CSF concentrations of only 1–2 mg/L which is inferior to the clinical breakpoint for most Gram-negative bacteria. There is therefore concern that dosing must ...

    Authors: Thomas Kerz, Friederike D. von Loewenich, Jason Roberts, Axel Neulen and Florian Ringel

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:47

    Content type: Case Report

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  36. Osteomyelitis is an acute or chronic inflammatory process of the bone following infection with pyogenic organisms like Staphylococcus aureus. Tobramycin (TOB) is a promising aminoglycoside antibiotic used to trea...

    Authors: Godday Anebow Lulu, Arunkumar Karunanidhi, Loqman Mohamad Yusof, Yusuf Abba, Fazlin Mohd Fauzi and Fauziah Othman

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:46

    Content type: Research

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  37. More than 100 different pathogens can cause encephalitis. Testing of all the neurological pathogens by conventional methods can be difficult. Metagenomic next-generation sequencing (NGS) could identify the inf...

    Authors: Zhiliang Hu, Xing Weng, Chunhua Xu, Yang Lin, Cong Cheng, Hongxia Wei and Wei Chen

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:45

    Content type: Case Report

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  38. Catheter-related infection (CRI) is one of the serious challenges in clinical practice. This preliminary clinical study aimed to examine whether next-generation sequencing (NGS) targeting 16S rDNA, which was P...

    Authors: Ken-ichi Okuda, Yutaka Yoshii, Satomi Yamada, Akio Chiba, Ippei Hironaka, Seiji Hori, Katsuhiko Yanaga and Yoshimitsu Mizunoe

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:44

    Content type: Research

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  39. Pathogens identification is critical for the proper diagnosis and precise treatment of infective endocarditis (IE). Although blood and valve cultures are the gold standard for IE pathogens detection, many case...

    Authors: Jun Cheng, Huan Hu, Yue Kang, Weizhi Chen, Wei Fang, Kaijuan Wang, Qian Zhang, Aisi Fu, Shuilian Zhou, Chen Cheng, Qingqing Cao, Feiyan Wang, Shela Lee and Zhou Zhou

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:43

    Content type: Research

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  40. The widespread Escherichia coli clone ST131 implicated in multidrug-resistant infections has been recently reported, the majority belonging to O25:H4 serotype and classified into five main virotypes in accordance...

    Authors: Edwin Barrios-Villa, Gerardo Cortés-Cortés, Patricia Lozano-Zaraín, Margarita María de la Paz Arenas-Hernández, Claudia Fabiola Martínez de la Peña, Ygnacio Martínez-Laguna, Carmen Torres and Rosa del Carmen Rocha-Gracia

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:42

    Content type: Research

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  41. Fluoroquinolone-resistant Haemophilus influenzae (FRHI) has been reported worldwide but remain unclear in China.

    Authors: Dingqiang Chen, Shuxian Wen, Donghua Feng, Ruirui Xu, Junyan Liu, Brian M. Peters, Danhong Su, Yongping Lin, Ling Yang, Zhenbo Xu and Mark E. Shirtliff

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:41

    Content type: Research

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  42. The long-term use of intrauterine devices (IUDs) may lead to biofilm formation on the surface. The aim of this study was to perform the culture- and PCR-based detection of bacteria/fungi from the biofilm of th...

    Authors: András Ádám, Zoltán Pál, Gabriella Terhes, Márta Szűcs, Israel David Gabay and Edit Urbán

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:40

    Content type: Research

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  43. Empiric antimicrobial therapy (EAMT) using imipenem/colistin is commonly prescribed as a first line therapy in critically ill patients with severe sepsis. We aimed to assess the appropriateness of prescribing ...

    Authors: Ahlem Trifi, Sami Abdellatif, Cyrine Abdennebi, Foued Daly, Rochdi Nasri, Yosr Touil and Salah Ben Lakhal

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:39

    Content type: Research

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  44. Clindamycin is a protein synthesis inhibitory agent that has the ability to suppress the expression of virulence factors in Staphylococcus aureus. Recent guidelines recommend the use of clindamycin for the treatm...

    Authors: Elisabeth Hodille, Cédric Badiou, Caroline Bouveyron, Michèle Bes, Anne Tristan, François Vandenesch, Gérard Lina and Oana Dumitrescu

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:38

    Content type: Short Report

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  45. Clostridium difficile-associated diarrhea (CDAD) is a major public health threat that results in increased length of stay, hospital readmissions, deaths, and economic burden. CDAD treatment is often guided by sev...

    Authors: Jonathan C. Cho, Sandy J. Estrada, Jamie J. Kisgen, Angelina Davis and Laura Puzniak

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:37

    Content type: Research

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  46. During clinical use, gastrointestinal endoscopes are grossly contaminated with patient’s native flora. These endoscopes undergo reprocessing to prevent infectious transmission upon future use. Endoscopy-associ...

    Authors: Charles Eugenio McCafferty, Marra Jai Aghajani, David Abi-Hanna, Iain Bruce Gosbell and Slade Owen Jensen

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:36

    Content type: Review

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  47. Mycetoma is a chronic mutilating disease of the skin and the underlying tissues caused by fungi or bacteria. Although recently included in the list of neglected tropical diseases by the World Health Organizati...

    Authors: Pembi Emmanuel, Shyam Prakash Dumre, Stephen John, Juntra Karbwang and Kenji Hirayama

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:35

    Content type: Review

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  48. Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) are one of the main bacteria causing urinary tract infections (UTIs). The rates of UPEC with high resistance towards antibiotics and multidrug-resistant bacteria have increas...

    Authors: Flor Y. Ramírez-Castillo, Adriana C. Moreno-Flores, Francisco J. Avelar-González, Francisco Márquez-Díaz, Josée Harel and Alma L. Guerrero-Barrera

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:34

    Content type: Research

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