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  1. Uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) is a major cause of urinary tract infection (UTI); however, treatment of UTI has been challenging due to increased antimicrobial resistance (AMR). One of the most important t...

    Authors: Fatemeh Zangane Matin, Seyedeh Elham Rezatofighi, Mohammad Roayaei Ardakani, Mohammad Reza Akhoond and Fahimeh Mahmoodi

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:50

    Content type: Research

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  2. Clustered regularly interspaced short palindromic repeat (CRISPR)-Cas systems are one of the factors which can contribute to limiting the development and evolution of antibiotic resistance in bacteria. There a...

    Authors: Pourya Gholizadeh, Mohammad Aghazadeh, Reza Ghotaslou, Mohammad Ahangarzadeh Rezaee, Tahereh Pirzadeh, Longzhu Cui, Shinya Watanabe, Hadi Feizi, Hiva Kadkhoda and Hossein Samadi Kafil

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:49

    Content type: Research

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  3. Commensal flora colonization during hospitalization by bacteria is the first step for nosocomial infections while antibiotic resistance reduces therapeutic options. In aim to control this phenomenon, we initia...

    Authors: William Lelorel Nguekap Nankam, Pierre René Fotsing Kwetche, Gildas Boris Tazemda-Kuitsouc, Golda Joyce Djeutsa Chouna and Jean Michel Tekam

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:48

    Content type: Research

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  4. Pneumocystis jirovecii and Aspergillus fumigatus, are opportunistic pathogenic fungus that has a major impact on mortality in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. With the potential to invade multiple orga...

    Authors: Yili Chen, Lu Ai, Yingqun Zhou, Yating Zhao, Jianyu Huang, Wen Tang and Yujian Liang

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:47

    Content type: Case report

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  5. This case report describes a neck abscess caused by a strain of Hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae in a middle aged man with diabetes without a history of travel to East and South East Asia. This case report is ...

    Authors: John Alexander McHardy, Vathshalan Selvaganeshapillai, Priya Khanna, Ashley Michael Whittington, Jane Turton and Guduru Gopal Rao

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:46

    Content type: Case report

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  6. A complex cascade of genes, enzymes, and transcription factors regulates AmpC β-lactamase overexpression. We investigated the network of AmpC β-lactamase overexpression in Klebsiella aerogenes and identified the ...

    Authors: Roshan D’Souza, Le Phuong Nguyen, Naina A. Pinto, Hyunsook Lee, Thao Nguyen Vu, Hoyoung Kim, Hyun Soo Cho and Dongeun Yong

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:45

    Content type: Research

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  7. Aspergillosis of Central Nervous System (CNS) is a highly lethal infection in patients with leukemia and Stem Cell Transplantation (SCT).

    Authors: Aref Shariati, Mojtaba Didehdar, Shahin Rajaeih, Alireza Moradabadi, Mohammad Ghorbani, Vahid Falahati and Zahra Chegini

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:44

    Content type: Review

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  8. Studying time-related changes in susceptible pathogens causing healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) is vital in improving local antimicrobial and infection control practices.

    Authors: Saad Alhumaid, Abbas Al Mutair, Zainab Al Alawi, Ahmad J. Alzahrani, Mansour Tobaiqy, Ahmed M. Alresasi, Ibrahim Bu-Shehab, Issa Al-Hadary, Naif Alhmeed, Mossa Alismail, Ahmed H. Aldera, Fadhil AlHbabi, Haifa Al-Shammari, Ali A. Rabaan and Awad Al-Omari

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:43

    Content type: Research

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  9. Correctly identifying anaerobic bloodstream infections (BSIs) is difficult. However, a new technique, matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization-time of flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS), enables more a...

    Authors: Tsuyoshi Watanabe, Yuki Hara, Yusuke Yoshimi, Waka Yokoyama-kokuryo, Yoshiro Fujita, Masamichi Yokoe and Yoshinori Noguchi

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:42

    Content type: Research

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  10. Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS) survive as commensals of skin, anterior nares and external canals of human and were regarded as non-infectious pathogens. However, they are emerging as a major cause of n...

    Authors: Sarita Manandhar, Anjana Singh, Ajit Varma, Shanti Pandey and Neeraj Shrivastava

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:41

    Content type: Research

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  11. Treatment of burn wound infections has become a global challenge due to the spread of multidrug-resistant bacteria; therefore, the development of new treatment options for the mentioned infections is essential...

    Authors: Aref Shariati, Alireza Moradabadi, Ehsanollah Ghaznavi-Rad, Maryam Dadmanesh, Majid Komijani and Farshad Nojoomi

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:40

    Content type: Research

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  12. There is limited and controverting evidence looking at possible associations of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) RNA copies and patient variables in large cohorts of symptomatic and...

    Authors: Santiago A. Quiroga, Carolina Hernández, Sergio Castañeda, Paula Jimenez, Laura Vega, Marcela Gomez, David Martinez, Nathalia Ballesteros, Marina Muñoz, Claudia Cifuentes, Nathalia Sierra, Carolina Flórez, Alberto Paniz-Mondolfi and Juan David Ramírez

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:39

    Content type: Research

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  13. SARS-CoV-2 is a newly emerged coronavirus, causing the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outbreak in December, 2019. As drugs and vaccines of COVID-19 remain in development, accurate virus detection plays a ...

    Authors: Shuang Wu, Xiaolu Shi, Qiongcheng Chen, Yixiang Jiang, Le Zuo, Lei Wang, Min Jiang, Yiman Lin, Shisong Fang, Bo Peng, Weihua Wu, Hui Liu, Renli Zhang, Patrick S. L. Kwan and Qinghua Hu

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:38

    Content type: Research

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  14. Drug repurposing otherwise known as drug repositioning or drug re-profiling is a time-tested approach in drug discovery through which new medical uses are being established for already known drugs. Antibiotics...

    Authors: Abdourahamane Yacouba, Ahmed Olowo-okere and Ismaeel Yunusa

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:37

    Content type: Review

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  15. Campylobacter resistance to antimicrobial agents is regarded as a major concern worldwide. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of the CmeABC efflux pump and the RAPD-PCR pattern in drug-resist...

    Authors: Saeed Sharifi, Bita Bakhshi and Shahin Najar-peerayeh

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:36

    Content type: Research

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  16. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is the second pandemic of the twenty-first century, with over one-hundred million infections and over two million deaths to date. It is a novel strain from the Coronaviridae fa...

    Authors: Saad I. Mallah, Omar K. Ghorab, Sabrina Al-Salmi, Omar S. Abdellatif, Tharmegan Tharmaratnam, Mina Amin Iskandar, Jessica Atef Nassef Sefen, Pardeep Sidhu, Bassam Atallah, Rania El-Lababidi and Manaf Al-Qahtani

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:35

    Content type: Review

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  17. The incidence of Candida bloodstream infections (BSIs), has increased over time. In this study, we aimed to describe the current epidemiology of Candida BSI in a large tertiary care hospital in Shanghai and to de...

    Authors: Yan-Jun Zheng, Ting Xie, Lin Wu, Xiao-Ying Liu, Ling Zhu, Ying Chen, En-Qiang Mao, Li-Zhong Han, Er-Zhen Chen and Zhi-Tao Yang

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:34

    Content type: Research

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  18. Globally, surgical site infections are the most reported healthcare-associated infection and common surgical complication. In developing countries such as Ethiopia, there is a paucity of published reports on t...

    Authors: Gemedo Misha, Legese Chelkeba and Tsegaye Melaku

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:33

    Content type: Research

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  19. We evaluated the distribution of carbapenem and colistin resistance mechanisms of clinical E. coli and K. pneumoniae isolates from Iran.

    Authors: Javad Yasbolaghi Sharahi, Ali Hashemi, Abdollah Ardebili and Sara Davoudabadi

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:32

    Content type: Research

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  20. This study aimed to investigate the specific risk factors for the transmission of novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) among healthcare workers in different campuses of a university hospital and to reveal the risk f...

    Authors: Aziz Ogutlu, Oguz Karabay, Unal Erkorkmaz, Ertugrul Guclu, Seher Sen, Abdulkadir Aydin and Mehmet Koroglu

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:31

    Content type: Research

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  21. Multi-Drug Resistant (MDR) uropathogenic bacteria have increased in number in recent years and the development of new treatment options for the corresponding infections has become a major challenge in the fiel...

    Authors: Zahra Chegini, Amin Khoshbayan, Soheil Vesal, Alireza Moradabadi, Ali Hashemi and Aref Shariati

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:30

    Content type: Review

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  22. Lassa fever (LF), a zoonotic illness, represents a public health burden in West African countries where the Lassa virus (LASV) circulates among rodents. Human exposure hinges significantly on LASV ecology, whi...

    Authors: Liã Bárbara Arruda, Najmul Haider, Ayodeji Olayemi, David Simons, Deborah Ehichioya, Adesola Yinka-Ogunleye, Rashid Ansumana, Margaret J. Thomason, Danny Asogun, Chikwe Ihekweazu, Elisabeth Fichet-Calvet and Richard A. Kock

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:29

    Content type: Review

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  23. Resistance, prolonged therapy, and more adverse reactions made amoxicillin less preferred for treating otitis media. This study aimed to compare the efficacy and safety of azithromycin and amoxicillin/clavulan...

    Authors: Gabriel Dawit, Solomon Mequanent and Eyasu Makonnen

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:28

    Content type: Research

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  24. Bacteroides fragilis is a part of the normal gastrointestinal flora, but it is also the most common anaerobic bacteria causing the infection. It is highly resistant to antibiotics and contains abundant antibiotic...

    Authors: Seyedesomaye Jasemi, Mohammad Emaneini, Zahra Ahmadinejad, Mohammad Sadegh Fazeli, Leonardo A. Sechi, Fatemah Sadeghpour Heravi and Mohammad Mehdi Feizabadi

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:27

    Content type: Research

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  25. Antimicrobial-resistant strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae have become one of the greatest challenges to global public health today and inappropriate use of antibiotics and high level of antibiotic use is probab...

    Authors: Bekele Sharew, Feleke Moges, Gizachew Yismaw, Wondwossen Abebe, Surafal Fentaw, Didrik Vestrheim and Belay Tessema

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:26

    Content type: Research

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  26. Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains are prevalent in healthcare services. Medical students are at risk for MRSA carriage, subsequent infection and potential transmission of nosocomial infec...

    Authors: Kamile Arıkan, Eda Karadag-Oncel, Emre Aycan, Banu Sancak and Mehmet Ceyhan

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:25

    Content type: Research

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  27. Shiga toxin‐producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are among common foodborne bacterial pathogens and healthy livestock are the main source of this bacterium. Severe diseases attribute to two types of cytotoxin Stx1 a...

    Authors: Erfaneh Jafari, Mana Oloomi and Saeid Bouzari

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:24

    Content type: Research

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  28. Inflammation and infection are causative factors of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Urine is not sterile, and urine microbiota identified by DNA sequencing can play an important role in the development of ...

    Authors: Hsiang-Ying Lee, Jiunn‐Wei Wang, Yung-Shun Juan, Ching-Chia Li, Chung-Jung Liu, Sung Yong Cho, Hsin-Chih Yeh, Kuang-Shun Chueh, Wen-Jeng Wu and Deng‐Chyang Wu

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:23

    Content type: Research

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  29. Non-Helicobacter pylori species (NHPS) are newly emerging bacteria that naturally inhabit birds and mammals apart from humans and rarely cause diseases in humans. In recent years, a rise in the number of cases as...

    Authors: Matic Mihevc, Metka Koren Krajnc, Maja Bombek Ihan and Iztok Holc

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:22

    Content type: Case report

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  30. Although most bloodstream yeast infections are caused by Candida spp., infections by rare or less common species have increased in recent years. Diagnosis of infections caused by these species is difficult due to...

    Authors: Carmen Alicia Garcia-Gutiérrez, María Soledad Cuétara-García, María Dolores Moragues, Jorge Ligero, Sara María Quevedo and María José Buitrago

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:21

    Content type: Case report

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  31. This article has been retracted. Please see the Retraction Notice for more detail: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12941-018-0279-4

    Authors: Jayaweera Arachchige Asela Sampath Jayaweera and Mohommed Reyes

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:20

    Content type: Retraction Note

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    The original article was published in Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:27

  32. Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as one of the common multidrug resistance pathogens causing hospital-acquired infections. This study was conducted to elucidate the distribution of antimicrobial resistance gen...

    Authors: Piyatip Khuntayaporn, Pohnvipa Kanathum, Jantana Houngsaitong, Preecha Montakantikul, Krit Thirapanmethee and Mullika Traidej Chomnawang

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:19

    Content type: Research

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  33. The screening for intestinal carriage of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus spp. (VRE) among high risk patients in the Balkan region and molecular epidemiology of VRE is insufficiently investigated, yet it could b...

    Authors: Ana Janjusevic, Ljiljana Markovic Denic, Rajna Minic, Anita Grgurevic and Ivana Cirkovic

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:18

    Content type: Research

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  34. Abnormal laboratory findings are common in patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effect of the level of s...

    Authors: Erfan Kazemi, Reihane Soldoozi Nejat, Fatemeh Ashkan and Hossein Sheibani

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:17

    Content type: Research

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  35. Multidrug resistance (MDR), extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) and carbapenemase-producing Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) has become a public health threat worldwide. This threat is worse in developing coun...

    Authors: Feleke Moges, Mucheye Gizachew, Mulat Dagnew, Azanaw Amare, Bekele Sharew, Setegn Eshetie, Wondwossen Abebe, Yihenew Million, Tigist Feleke and Moges Tiruneh

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:16

    Content type: Research

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  36. The objective of this study was to investigate whether unreasonable empirical antibiotic treatment (UEAT) had an impact on 30-day mortality and duration of hospitalization in bacterial pneumonia caused by carb...

    Authors: Rongrong Li, Hao Tang, Huaming Xu, Kunwei Cui, Shujin Li and Jilu Shen

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:15

    Content type: Research

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  37. HACEK (Haemophilus spp., Aggregatibacter spp., Cardiobacterium spp., Eikenella corrodens, and Kingella spp.) group organisms are responsible for 0.8% to 6% of all infective endocarditis cases, with Cardiobacteriu...

    Authors: Eric G. Hauser, Imran Nizamuddin, Brett B. Yarusi and Karen M. Krueger

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:14

    Content type: Case report

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  38. Klebsiella pneumoniae is a common cause of nosocomial infections. Antibiotic resistance and ability to form biofilm, as two key virulence factors of K. pneumoniae, are involved in the persistence of infections. T...

    Authors: Shadi Shadkam, Hamid Reza Goli, Bahman Mirzaei, Mehrdad Gholami and Mohammad Ahanjan

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:13

    Content type: Research

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  39. People with diabetes mellitus, especially insulin-dependent diabetic patients, are a risk group for staphylococcal infections. Asymptomatic infection with Staphylococcus aureus is common and favors dissemination ...

    Authors: Nathalia Bibiana Teixeira, Carlos Magno Castelo Branco Fortaleza, Matheus Cristovam de Souza, Thais Aline Monteiro Pereira, Bibiana Prada de Camargo Colenci and Maria de Lourdes Ribeiro de Souza da Cunha

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:12

    Content type: Research

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  40. Pseudomonas aeruginosa an opportunistic pathogen, is widely associated with nosocomial infections and exhibits resistance to multiple classes of antibiotics. The aim of this study was to determine the antibiotic ...

    Authors: Florence Chijindu Ugwuanyi, Abraham Ajayi, David Ajiboye Ojo, Adeyemi Isaac Adeleye and Stella Ifeanyi Smith

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:11

    Content type: Research

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  41. The genera Williamsia and Segniliparus are of aerobic actinomycetes and at the time of writing, they have 12 and 2 species, respectively. These genera cause various infections in humans. In this review, we survey...

    Authors: Mehdi Fatahi-Bafghi

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:10

    Content type: Review

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  42. Cystic fibrosis (CF) acute pulmonary exacerbations are often caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, including multi-drug resistant strains. Optimal antibiotic therapy is required to return lung function and should be ...

    Authors: Maxwell J. Lasko, Holly K. Huse, David P. Nicolau and Joseph L. Kuti

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:9

    Content type: Research

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  43. The Severe Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has gained research attention worldwide, given the current pandemic. Nevertheless, a previous zoonotic and highly pathogenic coronavirus, the Middle E...

    Authors: Ali A. Rabaan, Shamsah H. Al-Ahmed, Ranjit Sah, Mohammed A. Alqumber, Shafiul Haque, Shailesh Kumar Patel, Mamta Pathak, Ruchi Tiwari, Mohd. Iqbal Yatoo, Abrar Ul Haq, Muhammad Bilal, Kuldeep Dhama and Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:8

    Content type: Review

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  44. Burkholderia cepacia, an opportunistic pathogen mainly affecting patients with cystic fibrosis or immunocompromised, has rarely been documented as a cause of corneal infection. The clinical and microbiological pr...

    Authors: Ming-Chih Ho, Eugene Yu-Chuan Kang, Lung-Kun Yeh, David H. K. Ma, Hsin-Chiung Lin, Hsin-Yuan Tan, Hung-Chi Chen and Ching-Hsi Hsiao

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:6

    Content type: Research

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  45. Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii is considered a top priority pathogen by the World Health Organization for combatting increasing antibiotic resistance and development of new drugs. Since it was origi...

    Authors: Carine Yehouenou, Bert Bogaerts, Kevin Vanneste, Nancy H. C. Roosens, Sigrid C. J. De Keersmaecker, Kathleen Marchal, Dissou Affolabi, Reza Soleimani, Hector Rodriguez-Villalobos, Françoise Van Bambeke, Olivia Dalleur and Anne Simon

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:5

    Content type: Case report

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  46. Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) is one of the most common pathogens which can cause morbidity and mortality in pediatric infections worldwide. This study aimed to describe the phenotypic and molecular ch...

    Authors: Zhuoxin Liang, Jinjian Fu, Ling Li, Rongsong Yi, Shaolin Xu, Jichang Chen, Xiaohua Ye and Eric McGrath

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:4

    Content type: Research

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  47. Little is yet known whether pathogenesis of COVID-19 is different between young and elder patients. Our study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and provide predictors of mortality for young adu...

    Authors: Yanjiao Lu, Zhenli Huang, Meijia Wang, Kun Tang, Shanshan Wang, Pengfei Gao, Jungang Xie, Tao Wang and Jianping Zhao

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:3

    Content type: Research

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  48. Urinary retention (UR) is a common urinary system disease can be caused by urinary tract obstruction with numerous reasons, however, the role of urine microbes in these disorders is still poorly understood. Th...

    Authors: Shan Jiang, Saisai Lu, Xiaomin Chen, Fengxia Li, Chengwei Zhu, Yuancai Zheng, Xiaobing Wang and Shihao Xu

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:2

    Content type: Research

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  49. In recent years, Candida parapsilosis is recognized as a species complex and is composed of Candida parapsilosis sensu stricto, Candida orthopsilosis and Candida metapsilosis. Candida parapsilosis complex prosthe...

    Authors: Penghao Guo, Yuting He, Rui Fan, Zhongwen Wu, Yili Chen, Yuli Huang, Kang Liao and Peisong Chen

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:1

    Content type: Case report

    Published on: