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  1. Detection of Extended-Spectrum Beta-Lactamases (ESBLs) depends on screening for resistance to certain cephalosporins, confirmation with selective ESBL inhibitors, and ESBL genes detection. New tests are requir...

    Authors: Mohammad Al-Tamimi, Hadeel Albalawi, Marwan Shalabi, Jumana Abu-Raideh, Ashraf I. Khasawneh and Farah Alhaj
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2022 21:20
  2. Antimicrobial resistance of H. pylori can lead to treatment failure. Importantly, several studies have reported on heteroresistance, i.e. the presence of resistant and susceptible H. pylori populations in the sam...

    Authors: Ebrahim Kouhsari, Nourkhoda Sadeghifard, Arezoo Khadiv, Hojjat Sayadi, Taghi Amiriani, Sobhan Ghafourian, Hassan Valadbeigi and Marcela Krutova
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2022 21:19
  3. Burn patients are highly susceptible to invasion by multidrug-resistant Gram-negative bacteria (MDR-GNB) through post-burn damage. The prevalence of MDR-GNB isolated from burns patients has increased dramatica...

    Authors: Muhammad Hayat Haider, Timothy D. McHugh, Kerry Roulston, Liã Bárbara Arruda, Zahra Sadouki and Saba Riaz
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2022 21:18
  4. Disseminated nocardiosis still causes significant morbidity and mortality and is often caused by Nocardia asteroides, N. basiliensis, and N. farcinica and are often treated with trimethoprim–sulfamethoxazole (TMP...

    Authors: Mazin Barry, Shahad AlShehri, Ahlam alguhani, Mohammad Barry, Ali Alhijji, Khalifa Binkhamis, Fahad Al-Majid, Fatimah S. Al-Shahrani and Taim Muayqil
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2022 21:17
  5. Dalbavancin is a semisynthetic antibiotic used as an alternative to vancomycin for skin infections and osteomyelitis. Its long half-life decreases length of hospitalizations. This study analyzes the effectiven...

    Authors: Connor Evins, Harrison Lancaster and Amanda E. Schnee
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2022 21:16
  6. Lyme borreliosis is the most prevalent arthropod-borne infection in the Northern Hemisphere. In Europe, Borrelia afzelii is predominantly involved in cutaneous manifestations, Borrelia garinii and Borrelia bavari...

    Authors: Pierre Duffau, Skander Korbi, Vivien Guillotin, Emilie Talagrand-Reboul, Armelle Ménard and Olivia Peuchant
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2022 21:15
  7. Increases in resistance to fluoroquinolones have been correlated with the use of levofloxacin in the treatment of infections caused by Escherichia coli. The analysis presents the in vitro activity of ceftazidime-...

    Authors: Gregory G. Stone and Meredith A. Hackel
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2022 21:13
  8. Legionellosis remains a public health problem. The most common diagnostic method to detect Legionella pneumophila (L. pneumophila) is culture. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) is a fast and accurate method for thi...

    Authors: Xin Yin, Ying-Zhou Chen, Qi-Qing Ye, Li-Juan Liao, Zhuo-Rui Cai, Min Lin, Jia-Na Li, Geng-Biao Zhang, Xiao-Li Peng, Wen-Fang Shi and Xu-Guang Guo
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2022 21:12
  9. The rapid spread of SARS-CoV-2 has created a shortage of supplies of reagents for its detection throughout the world, especially in Latin America. The pooling of samples consists of combining individual patien...

    Authors: Miguel Hueda-Zavaleta, Cesar Copaja-Corzo, Vicente A. Benites-Zapata, Pedro Cardenas-Rueda, Jorge L. Maguiña and Alfonso J. Rodríguez-Morales
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2022 21:11
  10. The carbapenem-resistance genes blaVIM are widely disseminated in Pseudomonas, and frequently harbored within class 1 integrons that reside within various mobile genetic elements (MGEs). However, there are few re...

    Authors: Fangzhou Chen, Peng Wang, Zhe Yin, Huiying Yang, Lingfei Hu, Ting Yu, Ying Jing, Jiayao Guan, Jiahong Wu and Dongsheng Zhou
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2022 21:10
  11. Olsenella uli is anaerobic or microaerophilic bacteria, commonly found in oral cavity or gastrointestinal tract, which has not been reported to be associated with lower respiratory tract infection. Herein, we re...

    Authors: Yufen Yan, Hong Li, Shuai Li, Shuhui Liu, Nan Jia, Yanfei Liu, Qing Liu, Jing Li and Chunhua Han
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2022 21:9
  12. Post-vaccination BCG disease typically attests to underlying inborn errors of immunity (IEIs), with the highest rates of complications in patients with Mendelian susceptibility to mycobacterial disease (MSMD)....

    Authors: Seyed Alireza Mahdaviani, Mazdak Fallahi, Mahnaz Jamee, Majid Marjani, Payam Tabarsi, Afshin Moniri, Parisa Farnia, Zahra Daneshmandi, Nima Parvaneh, Jean-Laurent Casanova, Jacinta Bustamante, Davood Mansouri and Ali Akbar Velayati
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2022 21:8
  13. Sepsis was recently redefined as a life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. With this redefinition (Sepsis-3), clinical and microbiological characteristics of pat...

    Authors: David Yu, David Unger, Christian Unge, Åsa Parke, Jonas Sundén-Cullberg, Kristoffer Strålin and Volkan Özenci
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2022 21:7
  14. Nosocomial infections (NIs) could lead to considerably higher mortality rates, length of the hospital stays and costs, and represent a serious public health concern worldwide. Besides, the unreasonable use of ...

    Authors: Mehrnoush Afsharipour, Shima Mahmoudi, Hojatollahh Raji, Babak Pourakbari and Setareh Mamishi
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2022 21:6
  15. Protothecosis is a rare infection in humans and animals caused by the achlorophyllic algae Prototheca species. More than half of the protothecosis cases are cutaneous infections, and most cases are observed in im...

    Authors: Marie Yamashita, Mahoko Ikeda, Ito Kato, Yuki Ohama, Mizuo Ando, Masako Ikemura, Daisuke Jubishi, Yoshiaki Kanno, Koh Okamoto, Takashi Umeyama, Shigeki Nakamura, Yoshitsugu Miyazaki, Shu Okugawa and Kyoji Moriya
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2022 21:5
  16. Pyelonephritis is one of the most serious bacterial illnesses during childhood. Gram-negative organisms account for up to 90% of the cases. Gram-positive bacteria are uncommon causes of urinary tract infection...

    Authors: Samantha Pérez-Cavazos, Daniela Cisneros-Saldaña, Fernando Espinosa-Villaseñor, José Iván Castillo-Bejarano, Denisse Natalie Vaquera-Aparicio, Hugo Sánchez-Alanís and Abiel Mascareñas-De los Santos
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2022 21:4
  17. This study was carried out to determine the prevalence and the genetic background of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli invasive isolates obtained from a tertiary-care hospital in Budapest, ...

    Authors: Kinga Tóth, Ákos Tóth, Katalin Kamotsay, Viktória Németh and Dóra Szabó
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2022 21:3
  18. Widespread misuse of antibiotics caused bacterial resistance increasingly become a serious threat. Bacteriophage therapy promises alternative treatment strategies for combatting drug-resistant bacterial infect...

    Authors: Behnam Sisakhtpour, Arezoo Mirzaei, Vajihe Karbasizadeh, Nafiseh Hosseini, Mehdi Shabani and Sharareh Moghim
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2022 21:1
  19. Periprosthetic fungal infections are considered rare and opportunistic infections. Treatment is difficult, and established standards do not yet exist. The choice of the appropriate antifungal drug might affect...

    Authors: Andreas Enz, Silke Müller, Wolfram Mittelmeier and Annett Klinder
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:86
  20. There is growing evidence that antibody responses play a role in the resolution of SARS-CoV-2 infection. Patients with primary or secondary antibody deficiency are at increased risk of persistent infection. Th...

    Authors: Yusri Taha, Hayley Wardle, Adam B. Evans, Ewan R. Hunter, Helen Marr, Wendy Osborne, Matthew Bashton, Darren Smith, Shirelle Burton-Fanning, Matthias L. Schmid and Christopher J. A. Duncan
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:85
  21. There is paucity of data on the prevalence and distribution of multidrug- Resistant-Tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in the Republic of Congo. Among the challenges resides the implementation of a robust TB resistance dia...

    Authors: Darrel Ornelle Elion Assiana, Jabar Babatunde Pacôme Achimi Abdul, Laure Stella Ghoma Linguissi, Micheska Epola, Jeannhey Christevy Vouvoungui, Albert Mabiala, Christopher Mebiame Biyogho, Jean Ronald Edoa, Bayodé Roméo Adegbite, Ayola Akim Adegnika, Linzy Elton, Julio Ortiz Canseco, Timothy D. McHugh, Gabriel Ahombo and Francine Ntoumi
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:84
  22. Solid transplant patients are susceptible to Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia (PJP). While the vast majority of PJP cases occur within the first 6 months after transplantation, very few PJP cases are seen beyond ...

    Authors: Jing Peng, Ming Ni, Dunfeng Du, Yanjun Lu, Juan Song, Weiyong Liu, Na Shen, Xiong Wang, Yaowu Zhu, Bruce A. Vallance, Ziyong Sun and Hong Bing Yu
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:83
  23. Transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (TRUS-Bx) is considered an essential urological procedure for the histological diagnosis of prostate cancer. It is, however, considered a “contaminated” procedure ...

    Authors: Katarzyna Piekarska, Katarzyna Zacharczuk, Tomasz Wołkowicz, Mateusz Mokrzyś, Natalia Wolaniuk, Magdalena Nowakowska, Stanisław Szempliński, Jakub Dobruch and Rafał Gierczyński
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:81
  24. BlaAFM-1 (GenBank Accession No. 143105.1) is a new B1 subclass metallo-β-lactamase gene discovered by our group, and isolated from an Alcaligenes faecalis plasmid that renders carbapenem antibiotics ineffective. ...

    Authors: Yingcheng Qin, Xiaonv Duan, Yuan Peng and Yongyu Rui
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:80
  25. The chemotherapeutic management of infections has become challenging due to the global emergence of antibiotic resistant pathogenic bacteria. The recent expansion of studies on plant-derived natural products h...

    Authors: Mackingsley Kushan Dassanayake, Teng-Jin Khoo and Jia An
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:79
  26. Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia (PJP) is an opportunistic infection affecting immunocompromised individuals. However, evidence regarding the burden and effectiveness of prophylaxis among rheumatic patients remain...

    Authors: Shirley Chiu Wai Chan, Ho Yin Chung, Chak Sing Lau and Philip Hei Li
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:78
  27. Escherichia coli is among the most common uropathogens. Increased antibiotic resistance in Gram negative bacilli is global concern. Alternative therapeutic options including vaccines against uropathogenic E. coli

    Authors: Miri Hyun, Ji Yeon Lee and Hyun ah Kim
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:77
  28. The emergence of carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the most important challenges in a healthcare setting. The aim of this study is double-locus sequence typing (DLST) typing of blaNDM-1 positi...

    Authors: Mojtaba Shahin and Ali Ahmadi
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:76

    The Correction to this article has been published in Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:82

  29. β-Lactam antibiotics have been broadly used for the treatment of Acinetobacter baumannii infections, resulting in development of β-lactam inactivating β-lactamases. Here, we described antibiotic resistance rate, ...

    Authors: Neda Yousefi Nojookambari, Mehrzad Sadredinamin, Razieh Dehbanipour, Zohreh Ghalavand, Gita Eslami, Maryam Vaezjalali, Bahram Nikmanesh and Sajjad Yazdansetad
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:75
  30. Carbapenemase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae (CP-KP) is becoming extensively disseminated in Iranian medical centers. Colistin is among the few agents that retains its activity against CP-KP. However, the admini...

    Authors: Negin Bolourchi, Fereshteh Shahcheraghi, Christian G. Giske, Shoeib Nematzadeh, Narjes Noori Goodarzi, Hamid Solgi and Farzad Badmasti
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:74
  31. Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) is responsible for tuberculosis; that continues to be a public health threat across the globe. Furthermore, increasing heteroresistance (HR)-the presence of resistant and suscepti...

    Authors: Mao Ye, Wen Yuan, Leila Molaeipour, Khalil Azizian, Alireza Ahmadi and Ebrahim Kouhsari
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:73
  32. Francisella philomiragia is a very rare opportunistic pathogen of humans which causes protean diseases such as pneumonia and other systemic infections. Subsequent failure of prompt treatment may result in poor pr...

    Authors: Hui Shan Chua, Yih Harng Soh, Shih Keng Loong and Sazaly AbuBakar
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:72
  33. Corynebacterium striatum was confirmed to be an important opportunistic pathogen, which could lead to multiple-site infections and presented high prevalence of multidrug resistance, particularly to quinolone anti...

    Authors: Yingjun Wang, Xiaohong Shi, Jian Zhang, Yanyan Wang, Yingying Lv, Xiaoli Du, QiQiGe ChaoLuMen and Junrui Wang
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:71
  34. Klebsiella pneumoniae is one of the leading causes of hospital outbreaks worldwide. Also, antibiotic-resistant K. pneumoniae is progressively being involved in invasive infections with high morbidity and mortalit...

    Authors: Mojgan Farhadi, Mohammad Ahanjan, Hamid Reza Goli, Mohammad Reza Haghshenas and Mehrdad Gholami
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:70
  35. Coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 causes COVID-19 illness which can progress to severe pneumonia. Empiric antibacterials are often employed though frequency of bacterial coinfection superinfection is debated and concerns...

    Authors: Hans H. Liu, David Yaron, Amanda Stahl Piraino and Luciano Kapelusznik
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:69
  36. Staphylococcus schleiferi is a gram-positive pathogenic coccus which causes canine skin and ear infections. Only four cases of human infection caused by Staphylococcus schleiferi subspecies coagulans have been re...

    Authors: Tatsuya Kobayashi, Mahoko Ikeda, Yuki Ohama, Koji Murono, Kazuhiko Ikeuchi, Satoshi Kitaura, Koh Okamoto, Shu Okugawa, Soichiro Ishihara and Kyoji Moriya
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:68
  37. Methicillin-resistance S. aureus (MRSA) possesses the ability to resist multiple antibiotics and form biofilm. Currently, vancomycin remains the last drug of choice for treatment of MRSA infection. The emergence ...

    Authors: Pooi Yin Chung, Ranon Earn Yueh Khoo, Hui Shan Liew and May Lee Low
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:67
  38. To date, there is no specific antiviral therapy for severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) that causes Coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19). Since there is no specific therapy against SARS...

    Authors: Miguel Alejandro Pinzón, Doris Cardona Arango, Juan Felipe Betancur, Santiago Ortiz, Héctor Holguín, Carolina Arias Arias, Bernardo J. Muñoz Palacio, Michael Amarillo, Juan Felipe Llano and Pablo Montoya
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:66
  39. This study aimed to investigate the phylogenetic characterization and virulence traits of uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) isolated from kidney transplant patients (KTPs) as well as non-KTPs and analyze the ...

    Authors: Mehrdad Halaji, Shahrzad Shahidi, Behrooz Ataei, Abdolamir Atapour, Awat Feizi and Seyed Asghar Havaei
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:65
  40. Bacterial superinfections associated with COVID-19 are common in ventilated ICU patients and impact morbidity and lethality. However, the contribution of antimicrobial resistance to the manifestation of bacter...

    Authors: Marina Gysin, Claudio Tirso Acevedo, Klara Haldimann, Elias Bodendoerfer, Frank Imkamp, Karl Bulut, Philipp Karl Buehler, Silvio Daniel Brugger, Katja Becker and Sven N. Hobbie
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:64
  41. Extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Enterobacteriaceae has become a public health concern. This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes of patients with nonurinary source bacteraemia caused by ...

    Authors: Hong Luo, Yanping Xiao, Yaping Hang, Yanhui Chen, Hongying Zhu, Xueyao Fang, Xingwei Cao, Shan Zou, Xiaoyan Hu, Jianqiu Xiong, Qiaoshi Zhong and Longhua Hu
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:63
  42. Group B Streptococcal (GBS) infection is the primary agent of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Rapid and simple methods to detect GBS are Xpert GBS and GBS LB assays based on real-time polymerase chain reaction ...

    Authors: Meng-Yi Han, Chen Xie, Qing-Qing Huang, Qiao-Hua Wu, Qing-Yun Deng, Tian-Ao Xie, Ye-Ling Liu, Zhuo-Lei Li, Jing-Hua Zhong, Yan-Chao Wang and Xu-Guang Guo
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:62
  43. It is essential to detect carriers of carbapenemase-producing Enterobacterales in order to implement infection control measures. The objectives of this study was to evaluate the NG-Test® CARBA 5 (CARBA 5) assay f...

    Authors: Hadas Kon, Shirin Abramov, Sammy Frenk, David Schwartz, Ohad Shalom, Amos Adler, Yehuda Carmeli and Jonathan Lellouche
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:61
  44. Blood stream infections (BSI) caused by Extended Spectrum Beta-Lactamases (ESBLs) producing Enterobacteriaceae is a clinical challenge leading to high mortality, especially in developing countries. In this study,...

    Authors: Trinh Van Son, Nguyen Dang Manh, Ngo Tat Trung, Dao Thanh Quyen, Christian G. Meyer, Nguyen Thi Kim Phuong, Phan Quoc Hoan, Vu Viet Sang, Dennis Nurjadi, Thirumalaisamy P. Velavan, Mai Hong Bang and Le Huu Song
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:60
  45. Chlamydiae are intracellular bacteria that cause various severe diseases in humans and animals. The common treatment for chlamydia infections are antibiotics. However, when antibiotics are misused (overuse or ...

    Authors: Ichrak Benamri, Maryame Azzouzi, Kholoud Sanak, Ahmed Moussa and Fouzia Radouani
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:59
  46. Hypervirulent Klebsiella pneumoniae (hvKp) has emerged as a pathogen of global concern. In this study, both phenotypic and genotypic tests were used to detect hvKp. Antimicrobial resistance profiles and clonal re...

    Authors: Rahimeh Sanikhani, Mohammad Moeinirad, Hamid Solgi, Azar Hadadi, Fereshteh Shahcheraghi and Farzad Badmasti
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:58
  47. Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae are a worldwide health problem and isolates carrying both blaKPC-2 and blaNDM-1 are unusual. Here we describe the microbiological and clinical characteristics of five cases...

    Authors: Taniela Bes, Debora Nagano, Roberta Martins, Ana Paula Marchi, Lauro Perdigão-Neto, Hermes Higashino, Gladys Prado, Thais Guimaraes, Anna S. Levin and Silvia Costa
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:57