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  1. Shiga toxin‐producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are among common foodborne bacterial pathogens and healthy livestock are the main source of this bacterium. Severe diseases attribute to two types of cytotoxin Stx1 a...

    Authors: Erfaneh Jafari, Mana Oloomi and Saeid Bouzari

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:24

    Content type: Research

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  2. Inflammation and infection are causative factors of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Urine is not sterile, and urine microbiota identified by DNA sequencing can play an important role in the development of ...

    Authors: Hsiang-Ying Lee, Jiunn‐Wei Wang, Yung-Shun Juan, Ching-Chia Li, Chung-Jung Liu, Sung Yong Cho, Hsin-Chih Yeh, Kuang-Shun Chueh, Wen-Jeng Wu and Deng‐Chyang Wu

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:23

    Content type: Research

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  3. Non-Helicobacter pylori species (NHPS) are newly emerging bacteria that naturally inhabit birds and mammals apart from humans and rarely cause diseases in humans. In recent years, a rise in the number of cases as...

    Authors: Matic Mihevc, Metka Koren Krajnc, Maja Bombek Ihan and Iztok Holc

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:22

    Content type: Case report

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  4. Although most bloodstream yeast infections are caused by Candida spp., infections by rare or less common species have increased in recent years. Diagnosis of infections caused by these species is difficult due to...

    Authors: Carmen Alicia Garcia-Gutiérrez, María Soledad Cuétara-García, María Dolores Moragues, Jorge Ligero, Sara María Quevedo and María José Buitrago

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:21

    Content type: Case report

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  5. This article has been retracted. Please see the Retraction Notice for more detail: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12941-018-0279-4

    Authors: Jayaweera Arachchige Asela Sampath Jayaweera and Mohommed Reyes

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:20

    Content type: Retraction Note

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    The original article was published in Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2018 17:27

  6. Acinetobacter baumannii has emerged as one of the common multidrug resistance pathogens causing hospital-acquired infections. This study was conducted to elucidate the distribution of antimicrobial resistance gen...

    Authors: Piyatip Khuntayaporn, Pohnvipa Kanathum, Jantana Houngsaitong, Preecha Montakantikul, Krit Thirapanmethee and Mullika Traidej Chomnawang

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:19

    Content type: Research

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  7. The screening for intestinal carriage of vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus spp. (VRE) among high risk patients in the Balkan region and molecular epidemiology of VRE is insufficiently investigated, yet it could b...

    Authors: Ana Janjusevic, Ljiljana Markovic Denic, Rajna Minic, Anita Grgurevic and Ivana Cirkovic

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:18

    Content type: Research

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  8. Abnormal laboratory findings are common in patients infected with severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effect of the level of s...

    Authors: Erfan Kazemi, Reihane Soldoozi Nejat, Fatemeh Ashkan and Hossein Sheibani

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:17

    Content type: Research

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  9. Multidrug resistance (MDR), extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) and carbapenemase-producing Gram-negative bacteria (GNB) has become a public health threat worldwide. This threat is worse in developing coun...

    Authors: Feleke Moges, Mucheye Gizachew, Mulat Dagnew, Azanaw Amare, Bekele Sharew, Setegn Eshetie, Wondwossen Abebe, Yihenew Million, Tigist Feleke and Moges Tiruneh

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:16

    Content type: Research

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  10. The objective of this study was to investigate whether unreasonable empirical antibiotic treatment (UEAT) had an impact on 30-day mortality and duration of hospitalization in bacterial pneumonia caused by carb...

    Authors: Rongrong Li, Hao Tang, Huaming Xu, Kunwei Cui, Shujin Li and Jilu Shen

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:15

    Content type: Research

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  11. HACEK (Haemophilus spp., Aggregatibacter spp., Cardiobacterium spp., Eikenella corrodens, and Kingella spp.) group organisms are responsible for 0.8% to 6% of all infective endocarditis cases, with Cardiobacteriu...

    Authors: Eric G. Hauser, Imran Nizamuddin, Brett B. Yarusi and Karen M. Krueger

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:14

    Content type: Case report

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  12. Klebsiella pneumoniae is a common cause of nosocomial infections. Antibiotic resistance and ability to form biofilm, as two key virulence factors of K. pneumoniae, are involved in the persistence of infections. T...

    Authors: Shadi Shadkam, Hamid Reza Goli, Bahman Mirzaei, Mehrdad Gholami and Mohammad Ahanjan

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:13

    Content type: Research

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  13. People with diabetes mellitus, especially insulin-dependent diabetic patients, are a risk group for staphylococcal infections. Asymptomatic infection with Staphylococcus aureus is common and favors dissemination ...

    Authors: Nathalia Bibiana Teixeira, Carlos Magno Castelo Branco Fortaleza, Matheus Cristovam de Souza, Thais Aline Monteiro Pereira, Bibiana Prada de Camargo Colenci and Maria de Lourdes Ribeiro de Souza da Cunha

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:12

    Content type: Research

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  14. Pseudomonas aeruginosa an opportunistic pathogen, is widely associated with nosocomial infections and exhibits resistance to multiple classes of antibiotics. The aim of this study was to determine the antibiotic ...

    Authors: Florence Chijindu Ugwuanyi, Abraham Ajayi, David Ajiboye Ojo, Adeyemi Isaac Adeleye and Stella Ifeanyi Smith

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:11

    Content type: Research

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  15. The genera Williamsia and Segniliparus are of aerobic actinomycetes and at the time of writing, they have 12 and 2 species, respectively. These genera cause various infections in humans. In this review, we survey...

    Authors: Mehdi Fatahi-Bafghi

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:10

    Content type: Review

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  16. Cystic fibrosis (CF) acute pulmonary exacerbations are often caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa, including multi-drug resistant strains. Optimal antibiotic therapy is required to return lung function and should be ...

    Authors: Maxwell J. Lasko, Holly K. Huse, David P. Nicolau and Joseph L. Kuti

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:9

    Content type: Research

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  17. The Severe Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has gained research attention worldwide, given the current pandemic. Nevertheless, a previous zoonotic and highly pathogenic coronavirus, the Middle E...

    Authors: Ali A. Rabaan, Shamsah H. Al-Ahmed, Ranjit Sah, Mohammed A. Alqumber, Shafiul Haque, Shailesh Kumar Patel, Mamta Pathak, Ruchi Tiwari, Mohd. Iqbal Yatoo, Abrar Ul Haq, Muhammad Bilal, Kuldeep Dhama and Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:8

    Content type: Review

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  18. Burkholderia cepacia, an opportunistic pathogen mainly affecting patients with cystic fibrosis or immunocompromised, has rarely been documented as a cause of corneal infection. The clinical and microbiological pr...

    Authors: Ming-Chih Ho, Eugene Yu-Chuan Kang, Lung-Kun Yeh, David H. K. Ma, Hsin-Chiung Lin, Hsin-Yuan Tan, Hung-Chi Chen and Ching-Hsi Hsiao

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:6

    Content type: Research

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  19. Carbapenem-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii is considered a top priority pathogen by the World Health Organization for combatting increasing antibiotic resistance and development of new drugs. Since it was origi...

    Authors: Carine Yehouenou, Bert Bogaerts, Kevin Vanneste, Nancy H. C. Roosens, Sigrid C. J. De Keersmaecker, Kathleen Marchal, Dissou Affolabi, Reza Soleimani, Hector Rodriguez-Villalobos, Françoise Van Bambeke, Olivia Dalleur and Anne Simon

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:5

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) is one of the most common pathogens which can cause morbidity and mortality in pediatric infections worldwide. This study aimed to describe the phenotypic and molecular ch...

    Authors: Zhuoxin Liang, Jinjian Fu, Ling Li, Rongsong Yi, Shaolin Xu, Jichang Chen, Xiaohua Ye and Eric McGrath

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:4

    Content type: Research

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  21. Little is yet known whether pathogenesis of COVID-19 is different between young and elder patients. Our study aimed to investigate the clinical characteristics and provide predictors of mortality for young adu...

    Authors: Yanjiao Lu, Zhenli Huang, Meijia Wang, Kun Tang, Shanshan Wang, Pengfei Gao, Jungang Xie, Tao Wang and Jianping Zhao

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:3

    Content type: Research

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  22. Urinary retention (UR) is a common urinary system disease can be caused by urinary tract obstruction with numerous reasons, however, the role of urine microbes in these disorders is still poorly understood. Th...

    Authors: Shan Jiang, Saisai Lu, Xiaomin Chen, Fengxia Li, Chengwei Zhu, Yuancai Zheng, Xiaobing Wang and Shihao Xu

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:2

    Content type: Research

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  23. In recent years, Candida parapsilosis is recognized as a species complex and is composed of Candida parapsilosis sensu stricto, Candida orthopsilosis and Candida metapsilosis. Candida parapsilosis complex prosthe...

    Authors: Penghao Guo, Yuting He, Rui Fan, Zhongwen Wu, Yili Chen, Yuli Huang, Kang Liao and Peisong Chen

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2021 20:1

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Hospital acquired infections (HAI) are the most common complication found in the hospital environment. The aim of the study was to examine whether the use of an antimicrobial coating in high-touch areas in an ...

    Authors: Lars Ejerhed, Leyla Roshani and Annette Erichsen Andersson

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:62

    Content type: Research

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  25. Campylobacter jejuni and Campylobacter coli accounts for most cases of human gastrointestinal infections. The infection occurs through ingestion of contaminated food or water, and direct contact with feces of inf...

    Authors: Tizazu Zenebe, Niguse Zegeye and Tadesse Eguale

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:61

    Content type: Review

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  26. During bloodstream infections, rapid adaptation of empirical treatment according to the microorganism identified is essential to decrease mortality. The aim of the present study was to assess the microbiologic...

    Authors: Léa Ponderand, Patricia Pavese, Danièle Maubon, Emmanuelle Giraudon, Thomas Girard, Caroline Landelle, Max Maurin and Yvan Caspar

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:60

    Content type: Research

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  27. Gram stain of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is widely used in the diagnosis of acute meningitis, however, it is often conducted in the laboratory, as only some hospitals have access to point-of-care Gram stain (PC...

    Authors: Tomohiro Taniguchi, Sanefumi Tsuha, Soichi Shiiki and Masashi Narita

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:59

    Content type: Research

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  28. Severe acute respiratory syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is an emerging viral pandemic disease. In the last 6 months, SARS-CoV-2 has caused millions of reported cases and hundreds of thousands of deaths. A...

    Authors: Salim Mattar, Caty Martinez-Bravo, Ricardo Rivero, Héctor Contreras, Álvaro A. Faccini-Martínez, Camilo Guzman-Teran, Ketty Galeano, Nelson Alvis-Guzman, Verónica Contreras, German Arrieta, Marco Gonzalez-Tous, Jorge Miranda, Martha Ospina, Francisco Camargo-Assis, Marcela Mercado-Reyes, Evelyn Garay…

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:58

    Content type: Short report

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  29. Cefiderocol, ceftazidime-avibactam, ceftolozane-tazobactam, intravenous fosfomycin and plazomicin represent potential carbapenem sparing agents for extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase or AmpC beta-lactamase produ...

    Authors: Ouli Xie, Kathryn Cisera, Lucy Taylor, Carly Hughes and Benjamin Rogers

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:57

    Content type: Research

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  30. At the time of writing, the SARS-CoV-2 virus has infected more than 49 million people causing more than 1.2 million deaths worldwide since its emergence from Wuhan, China in December 2019. Vaccine development ...

    Authors: Hussain A. Safar, Abu Salim Mustafa and Timothy D. McHugh

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:56

    Content type: Review

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  31. Group B Streptococcus (GBS) infections caused by Streptococcus agalactiae is a leading cause of meningitis and sepsis in neonates, with early-onset GBS symptoms emerging during the first week of life and late-ons...

    Authors: Edward P. C. Ager, Eric D. Steele, Lindsey E. Nielsen, Matthew A. Nestander, Katrin Mende and Steven E. Spencer

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:55

    Content type: Research

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  32. Surgical site infections are related to high morbidity, mortality and healthcare costs. Because the emergence of multidrug-resistant bacteria in hospitals is becoming a worldwide challenge for surgeons who tre...

    Authors: Carine Laurence Yehouenou, Arsène A. Kpangon, Dissou Affolabi, Hector Rodriguez-Villalobos, Françoise Van Bambeke, Olivia Dalleur and Anne Simon

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:54

    Content type: Research

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  33. The colonization of Extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-PE) in bloodstream infections (BSIs) has been increased dramatically worldwide, and it was associated with worse clinical ou...

    Authors: Ai-Min Jiang, Na Liu, Rui Zhao, Hao-Ran Zheng, Xue Chen, Chao-Xin Fan, Rui Zhang, Xiao-Qiang Zheng, Xiao Fu, Yu Yao and Tao Tian

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:53

    Content type: Research

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  34. Multidrug-resistant infections due to Mycobacterium abscessus often require complex and prolonged regimens for treatment. Here, we report the evaluation of a new ex vivo antimicrobial susceptibility testing model...

    Authors: Carmen Amelia Molina-Torres, Oscar Noé Flores-Castillo, Irma Edith Carranza-Torres, Nancy Elena Guzmán-Delgado, Ezequiel Viveros-Valdez, Lucio Vera-Cabrera, Jorge Ocampo-Candiani, Julia Verde-Star, Jorge Castro-Garza and Pilar Carranza-Rosales

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:52

    Content type: Research

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  35. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Davie Wong, Titus Wong, Marc Romney and Victor Leung

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:51

    Content type: Editorial Expression of Concern

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  36. Persistent bacteremia occurs in at least 30% of patients with Staphylococcus aureus bloodstream infection (SAB) and may be attributable to a dysregulated host immune response. Neutrophils interact with a variety ...

    Authors: Marquerita Algorri and Annie Wong-Beringer

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:50

    Content type: Research

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  37. Plasmodium vivax, once considered benign species, is recently being recognised to be causing severe malaria like Plasmodium falciparum. In the present study, the authors report the trends in malaria severity in P...

    Authors: Monika Matlani, Loick P. Kojom, Neelangi Mishra, Vinita Dogra and Vineeta Singh

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:49

    Content type: Research

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  38. Multi-drug resistance (MDR) and extensive-drug resistance (XDR) associated with extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) and carbapenemases in Gram-negative bacteria are global public health concerns. Data on...

    Authors: Sulochana Manandhar, Raphael M. Zellweger, Nhukesh Maharjan, Sabina Dongol, Krishna G. Prajapati, Guy Thwaites, Buddha Basnyat, Sameer Mani Dixit, Stephen Baker and Abhilasha Karkey

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:48

    Content type: Research

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  39. Nasal colonization of Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) plays a key role in the epidemiology and pathogenesis of both healthcare-associated and community-acquired MRSA infections in various popul...

    Authors: Seid Abie, Moges Tiruneh and Wondwossen Abebe

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:47

    Content type: Research

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  40. Infections were the primary cause of death (34.3–55.5%) in patients with pemphigus. Skin was usually the origin of infections. The study aimed to explore features and associated factors of bacterial skin infec...

    Authors: Furong Li, Yejun Wu, Wenjie Bian, Lei Huang, Xuejun Zhu, Xixue Chen and Mingyue Wang

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:46

    Content type: Research

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  41. Multi-Drug Resistant (MDR) Pseudomonas aeruginosa is one of the most important bacterial pathogens that causes infection with a high mortality rate due to resistance to different antibiotics. This bacterium promp...

    Authors: Zahra Chegini, Amin Khoshbayan, Majid Taati Moghadam, Iman Farahani, Parham Jazireian and Aref Shariati

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:45

    Content type: Review

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  42. Most preventing measures for reducing ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) are based mainly on the decolonization of the internal surface of the endotracheal tubes (ETTs). However, it has been demonstrated th...

    Authors: María Jesús Pérez-Granda, Beatriz Alonso, Ricardo Zavala, María Consuelo Latorre, Javier Hortal, Rafael Samaniego, Emilio Bouza, Patricia Muñoz and María Guembe

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:44

    Content type: Research

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  43. This study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of disk diffusion and Etest methods, compared to that of the broth dilution reference method for identifying beta-lactam susceptibilities of Penicillin-Resistant, Ampi...

    Authors: Natália Conceição, Wellington Francisco Rodrigues, Kessys Lorrânya Peralta de Oliveira, Lucas Emanuel Pinheiro da Silva, Laís Rezende Cardoso de Souza, Cristina da de Cunha Hueb Barata Oliveira and Adriana Gonçalves de Oliveira

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:43

    Content type: Short report

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  44. Colistin is considered as one of the last-resort antibiotics and reliable antimicrobial susceptibility testing is therefore crucial. The reference standard for AST according to EUCAST and CLSI is broth microdi...

    Authors: Erlangga Yusuf, Mireille van Westreenen, Wil Goessens and Peter Croughs

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:42

    Content type: Research

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  45. A novel coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), causing an emerging coronavirus disease (COVID-19), first detected in Wuhan City, Hubei Province, China, which has taken a catastrophic turn with high toll rates in China and ...

    Authors: Ali A. Rabaan, Shamsah H. Al-Ahmed, Ranjit Sah, Ruchi Tiwari, Mohd. Iqbal Yatoo, Shailesh Kumar Patel, Mamta Pathak, Yashpal Singh Malik, Kuldeep Dhama, Karam Pal Singh, D. Katterine Bonilla-Aldana, Shafiul Haque, Dayron F. Martinez-Pulgarin, Alfonso J. Rodriguez-Morales and Hakan Leblebicioglu

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:40

    Content type: Review

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  46. Majocchi's granuloma is an uncommon fungal infection of the dermis and subcutaneous tissue. The most frequently identified cause of Majocchi’s granuloma is anthropophilic Trichophyton rubrum, and it is most commo...

    Authors: Yun-yan Zheng, Yue Li, Ming-yan Chen, Qian-yun Mei and Ru-zhi Zhang

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:39

    Content type: Case report

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  47. Nocardia takedensis was first isolated in 2005, from soil in Japan. We report here two cases of lymphangitis in France (2012–2017) caused by N. takedensis both occurring after skin injury while gardening, which e...

    Authors: Romain Lotte, Alicia Chevalier, Sabine Dantas, Nicolas Degand, Alice Gaudart, Pierre-Simon Rörhlich, Laurent Boyer, Veronica Rodriguez-Nava, Pascal Del Giudice and Raymond Ruimy

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:38

    Content type: Short report

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  48. Cold atmospheric plasma (CAP), which is ionized gas produced at atmospheric pressure, could be a novel and potent antimicrobial therapy for the treatment of infected wounds. Previously we have shown that CAP g...

    Authors: Gabrielle S. Dijksteel, Magda M. W. Ulrich, Marcel Vlig, Ana Sobota, Esther Middelkoop and Bouke K. H. L. Boekema

    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2020 19:37

    Content type: Research

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