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Table 1 Antimicrobial resistance profile of all uropathogenic Escherichia coli and carbapenem-resistant isolates

From: Virulence characterization and clonal analysis of uropathogenic Escherichia coli metallo-beta-lactamase-producing isolates

Category of antibiotic Quinolone Penicillin Tetracycline Streptomycin Folate pathway inhibitors Fluoroquinolone Aminoglycoside Aminoglycoside Phosphonic acid Carbapenem Carbapenem
Antibiotic NA N (%) AMP N (%) TET N (%) STR N (%) SXT N (%) CP N (%) K N (%) GM N (%) FOS N (%) IMP N (%) MEP N (%)
UPEC isolates
(n = 406)
Resistant 240 (59.1) 334 (82.3) 241 (59.4) 175 (43.1) 222 (54.7) 181 (44.6) 93 (22.9) 88 (21.7) 31 (7.6) 11 (2.7) 10 (2.5)
Intermediate 51 (12.6) 18 (4.5) 11 (2.7) 130 (32) 11 (2.7) 16 (4.0) 132 (32.5) 10 (2.5) 25 (6.2) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Carbapenem-resistant isolates (n = 12) Resistant 12 (100) 12 (100) 10 (83.3) 10 (83.3) 11 (91.6) 12 (100) 11 (91.6) 11 (91.6) 8 (66.6) 11 (91.6) 10 (83.3)
Intermediate 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (8.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (8.3) 1 (8.3) 1 (8.3) 0 (0) 0 (0)
Cephalosporin Cephalosporin Cephalosporin Nitrofuran Cephalosporin Cephamycin Extended-spectrum cephalosporins Aminoglycosides Penicillins + β-lactam Inhibitor Monobactams Penicillins + β-lactam Inhibitor Polymyxin
CTX N (%) CAZ N (%) CZ N (%) FM
N (%)
CRO
N (%)
FOX
N (%)
FEP
N (%)
AN
N (%)
SAM
N (%)
AZT N (%) PTZ N (%) CL N (%)
222 (54.7) 176 (43.4) 325 (80) 15 (4.6)
28 (6.9) 40 (9.9) 59 (14.5) 9 (2.2)
12 (100) 11 (91.6) 12 (100) 5 (41.6) 10 (100) 10 (83.3) 12 (100) 11 (91.6) 12 (100) 12 (100) 10 (83.3) 11 (91.6)
0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (8.3) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 1 (8.3) 0 (0)
  1. UPEC uropathogenic Escherichia coli, NA nalidixic-acid, AMP ampicillin, TET tetracycline, STR streptomycin, STX Sulfamethoxazole-trimethoprim, CP ciprofloxacin, K kanamycin, GN gentamycin, FOS fosfomycin, IMP Imipenem, MEN meropenem, CTX cefotaxime, CAZ ceftazidime, CZ cefazolin, FM nitrofurantoin, CRO Ceftriaxone, FOX cefoxitin, FEP cefepime, AN Amikacin, SAM ampicillin-sulbactam, AZT aztreonam, PTZ piperacillin/tazobactam, CL colistin