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Table 4 Correlation between biofilm and ESBL production in E. coli

From: Extended spectrum β-lactamase producing uropathogenic Escherichia coli and the correlation of biofilm with antibiotics resistance in Nepal

ESBL detectionStrong biofilm producerModerate biofilm producerWeak biofilm producerNo biofilm producerTotal isolatesR-value
ESBL Producer15 (18.5%)14 (17.3%)19 (23.5%)33 (40.7%)81 (50.9%)0.157
ESBL non-producer8 (10.3%)14 (17.9%)16 (20.5%)40 (51.3%)78 (49.1%)
Total23 (14.5%)28 (17.6%)35 (22%)73 (45.9%)159 (100%)