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Table 2 Clinical characteristics of patients and factors associated with UTI among diabetic patients using univariate and multivariate analyses

From: Urinary tract infections and antimicrobial sensitivity among diabetic patients at Khartoum, Sudan

Variables Patients with Bacteriuria Patients without Bacteriuria Univariate analysis Multivariate analysis
n= 39 n= 161 OR 95% CI P OR 95% CI P
Age, years 58.6(9.9)* 57.9(11.6)* 1.0 0.9-1.0 0.641 1.0 0.9-1.0 0.548
Male sex 27(69.2)# 94(58.3) # 1.6 0.7-1.9 0.216 1.4 0.5-3.3 0.452
Body mass index, kg/m2 25.4(6.1)* 25.9(5.8)* 0.9 0.8-1.1 0.771 0.9 0.8-1.03 0.291
Duration of diabetes, years 16.7(11.7)* 14.4(8.5)* 1.0 0.9-1.1 0.412 1.0 0.9-1.0 0.422
Type II diabetes 35(89.7) # 158(98.1) # 6.0 1.2-28.1 0.022 4.3 0.6-27.5 0.121
History of UTI 5(12.8) # 18(11.1) # 1.1 0.4-3.3 0.773 1.2 0.3-3.8 0.721
Hemoglobin, g/dl 13.4(1.0)* 13.4(1.5)* 1.0 0.5-1.7 0.905 0.9 0.9-1.0 0.501
Blood glucose level, mg/dl 174.1(54.2)* 161 (42.1)* 1.0 0.9-1.0 0.433 0.9 0.9-1.0 0.248
Dysuria 13(33.3) # 63(39.1) # 0.7 0.3-1.6 0.504 0.7 0.3-1.6 0.448
Urgency 6(15.3) # 11(6.8) # 2.4 0.1-13.8 0.094 1.5 0.4-6.1 0.497
  1. Data were shown as mean (SD) * or n (%) # as applicable. Abbreviations: OR, Odds Ratio; CI, confidence interval; P, probability value. All variables in the univariate analyses were added to multivariate analysis.