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Table 1 Characteristics of patients who were excluded compared with those included in the study

From: Adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) during the early months of treatment in rural Zambia: influence of demographic characteristics and social surroundings of patients

  Excluded Included  
  (n=84) (n=157) p-value
  n(%) n(%)  
Site    
 Mumbwa District Hospital 42 (50.0) 74 (47.1) 0.671
 Rural Health Centers 42 (50.0) 83 (52.9)  
Age    
 <35 years old 40 (47.6) 70 (46.1) 0.817
 ≥35 years old 44 (52.4) 82 (53.9)  
Sex    
 Female 43 (51.2) 94 (59.9) 0.195
 Male 41 (48.8) 63 (40.1)  
Education    
 No or primary incomplete 39 (46.4) 77 (49.4) 0.665
 Primary complete or more 45 (53.6) 79 (50.6)  
Marital status    
 Married 46 (55.4) 105 (66.9) 0.080
 Not married 37 (44.6) 52 (33.1)  
Occupation    
 Agriculture 49 (58.3) 107 (68.2) 0.128
 Others 35 (41.7) 50 (31.8)  
Transportation    
 On foot 50 (59.5) 80 (51.0) 0.204
 Others 34 (40.5) 77 (49.0)  
Time required for transportation to health facilities by above method    
 Within one hour 51 (61.4) 70 (45.2) 0.017
 More than one hour 32 (38.6) 85 (54.8)  
Transportation cost    
 Zero 72 (85.7) 127 (80.9) 0.347
 More than zero 12 (14.3) 30 (19.1)  
Lack of food during the past 30 days    
 Yes 27 (32.5) 61 (38.9) 0.334
 No 56 (67.5) 96 (61.1)  
Functional status    
 Working 69 (85.2) 138 (87.9) 0.556
 Ambulant or bed lid 12 (14.8) 19 (12.1)  
Tuberculosis    
 Positive 9 (11.1) 11 (7.1) 0.286
 Negative or not sure 72 (88.9) 145 (92.9)  
Self-stigma at baseline    
 Yes (Score: 2-6) 52 (62.7) 87 (56.5) 0.359
 No (Score: 0-1) 31 (37.3) 67 (43.5)  
Depressive symptoms at baseline    
 Yes (Score: 13-33) 50 (62.5) 92 (58.6) 0.562
 No (Score: 0-12) 30 (37.5) 65 (41.4)  
  1. Pearson’s chi-square test.