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  1. Brachyspira pilosicoli is the etiologic agent of human and animal intestinal spirochetosis and is rarely implicated as a cause of bacteremia. Here, we describe the case of a B. pilosicoli spirochetemia in a 53-ye...

    Authors: Lilia Bait-Merabet, Arnaud Thille, Patrick Legrand, Christian Brun-Buisson and Vincent Cattoir
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2008 7:19
  2. Staphylococcus aureus is a non-motile, gram positive, non-sporforming, facultative anaerobic microorganism. It is one of the important bacteria as a potential pathogen specifically for nosocomial infections. The ...

    Authors: Yeliz Genç, Reşit Özkanca and Yunus Bekdemir
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2008 7:17
  3. Adult intussusception is a rare clinical entity that is most often caused by a tumor, such as a lipoma, adenoma, or malignant tumor. A case of adult intussusception due to intestinal tuberculosis of the ileoce...

    Authors: Shigeki Nakamura, Katsunori Yanagihara, Koichi Izumikawa, Masafumi Seki, Hiroshi Kakeya, Yoshihiro Yamamoto, Yoshitugu Miyazaki, Naofumi Suyama and Shigeru Kohno
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2008 7:16
  4. Non-tubercular mycobacteria (NTM) has not been given due attention till the recent epidemic of HIV. This has led to increasing interest of health care workers in their biology, epidemiology and drug resistance...

    Authors: Manimuthu Mani Sankar, Krishnamoorthy Gopinath, Roopak Singla and Sarman Singh
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2008 7:15
  5. Escherichia coli is the commonest cause of community and nosocomial urinary tract infection (UTI). Antibiotic treatment is usually empirical relying on susceptibility data from local surveillance studies. We ther...

    Authors: David C Bean, Daniel Krahe and David W Wareham
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2008 7:13
  6. Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumanii are important nosocomial pathogens with wide intrinsic resistance. However, due to the dissemination of the acquired resistance mechanisms, such as extended-spect...

    Authors: Dora Szabó, Julia Szentandrássy, Zsuzsa Juhász, Katalin Katona, Károly Nagy and László Rókusz
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2008 7:12
  7. Methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) has been considered for many years a typical nosocomial pathogen. Recently MRSA has emerged as a frequent cause of infections in the community. More commonly, co...

    Authors: Piero Valentini, Gabriella Parisi, Monica Monaco, Francesca Crea, Teresa Spanu, Orazio Ranno, Mirella Tronci and Annalisa Pantosti
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2008 7:11
  8. Human infections with non-O1, non-O139 V. cholerae have been described from Laos. Elsewhere, non cholera-toxin producing, non-O1, non-O139 V. cholerae have been described from blood cultures and ascitic fluid, al...

    Authors: Rattanaphone Phetsouvanh, Masami Nakatsu, Eiji Arakawa, Viengmone Davong, Manivanh Vongsouvath, Olay Lattana, Catrin E Moore, Satoshi Nakamura and Paul N Newton
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2008 7:10
  9. The role of pathogenic mycobacteria in diabetes has been a focus of speculation since a decade without any meaningful insights into the mechanism of diabetes causation vis a vis mycobacterial factors. Two of our ...

    Authors: Valentina Rosu, Niyaz Ahmed, Daniela Paccagnini, Adolfo Pacifico, Stefania Zanetti and Leonardo A Sechi
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2008 7:9
  10. Although tuberculosis is not uncommon among patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS), only a few reports of such patients suffering from miliary tuberculosis (MT) exist. MT often presents as a fever of unk...

    Authors: Ioannis K Neonakis, Michael G Alexandrakis, Zoe Gitti, George Tsirakis, Elias Krambovitis and Demetrios A Spandidos
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2008 7:8
  11. Primary Psoas abscess (PPA) is an infrequent clinical entity with obscure pathogenesis and vague clinical presentation. High index of clinical suspicion is required for the diagnosis of psoas abscess. We also ...

    Authors: Nitin B Bagul, Abeywardana MS Abeysekara and Sabu Jacob
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2008 7:7
  12. Since publication of our article (Ahmed and Sechi: Ann Clin Microbiol Antimicrob 2005, 4:1), we have noticed several errors.

    Authors: Niyaz Ahmed and Leonardo A Sechi
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2008 7:6

    The original article was published in Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2005 4:1

  13. Recent studies have described a number of fatalities due to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and influenza virus co-infection. MRSA isolates provide a challenge to caregivers due to inherent wid...

    Authors: Jill C Roberts, Sam P Gulino, K Kealy Peak, Vicki A Luna and Roger Sanderson
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2008 7:5
  14. In a recent multi-centre Italian survey (2003–2004), conducted in 45 laboratories throughout Italy with the aim of monitoring microorganisms responsible for severe infections and their antibiotic resistance, Acin...

    Authors: Maria Lina Mezzatesta, Giusi Trovato, Floriana Gona, Vito Mar Nicolosi, Daria Nicolosi, Alessandra Carattoli, Giovanni Fadda, Giuseppe Nicoletti and Stefania Stefani
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2008 7:4
  15. The increasing prevalence of resistance to established antibiotics among key bacterial respiratory tract pathogens, such as Streptococcus pneumoniae, is a major healthcare problem in the USA. The PROTEKT US study...

    Authors: Stephen G Jenkins, Steven D Brown and David J Farrell
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2008 7:1
  16. Diarrhoeal diseases constitute a major public health problem, particularly in the developing world, where the rate of mortality and morbidity is very high. The purpose of this study was to conduct a 2 years an...

    Authors: Gloria Luz Paniagua, Eric Monroy, Octavio García-González, Javier Alonso, Erasmo Negrete and Sergio Vaca
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2007 6:17
  17. Tuberculous infections in patients with hematological disorders and hematopoietic stem cell transplant vary in incidence, complications and response to treatment.

    Authors: Khalid Ahmed Al-Anazi, Asma Marzouq Al-Jasser and David Alan Price Evans
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2007 6:16
  18. The Apicomplexa are a diverse group of obligate protozoan parasites infesting a wide range of invertebrate and vertebrate hosts including humans. These parasites are notoriously difficult to control and many s...

    Authors: Shajahan Johny, Amber Merisko and Douglas W Whitman
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2007 6:15
  19. MUC7 12-mer (RKSYKCLHKRCR), a cationic antimicrobial peptide derived from the human low-molecular-weight salivary mucin MUC7, possesses potent antimicrobial activity in vitro. In order to evaluate the potential t...

    Authors: Guo-Xian Wei, Alexander N Campagna and Libuse A Bobek
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2007 6:14
  20. The aim of this study was to determine whether clinical outcome of patients with methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) bacteraemia was correlated with vancomycin susceptibility of the corresponding s...

    Authors: Hui-min Neoh, Satoshi Hori, Mitsutaka Komatsu, Toyoko Oguri, Fumihiko Takeuchi, Longzhu Cui and Keiichi Hiramatsu
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2007 6:13
  21. Bacillus organisms are common laboratory contaminants. The majority of Bacillus bacteraemias are transient and not clinically significant. Clinically significant infection due to Bacillus species is rare and m...

    Authors: HN Bentur, AM Dalzell and FAI Riordan
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2007 6:12
  22. Increasing nosocomial pathogen resistance to available antimicrobial agents is of growing concern. While higher MICs can diminish antimicrobial effectiveness, dose adjustments often mitigate this effect. This ...

    Authors: Kathryn J Eagye, David P Nicolau, Shawn R Lockhart, John P Quinn, Gary V Doern, Gale Gallagher and Murray A Abramson
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2007 6:11
  23. New prophylactic and therapeutic tools are needed for the treatment of herpes simplex virus infections. Several essential oils have shown to possess antiviral activity in vitro against a wide spectrum of viruses.

    Authors: Manuela Saddi, Adriana Sanna, Filippo Cottiglia, Lorenza Chisu, Laura Casu, Leonardo Bonsignore and Alessandro De Logu
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2007 6:10
  24. To determine the true incidence of hGISA/GISA and its consequent clinical impact, methods must be defined that will reliably and reproducibly discriminate these resistant phenotypes from vancomycin susceptible S....

    Authors: Andreas Voss, Johan W Mouton, Erika P van Elzakker, Ron G Hendrix, Wil Goessens, Jan A Kluytmans, Paul F Krabbe, Han J de Neeling, Jacobus H Sloos, Nefise Oztoprak, Robin A Howe and Timothy R Walsh
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2007 6:9
  25. Considering the increasing use of polymyxins to treat infections due to multidrug resistant Gram-negative in many countries, it is important to evaluate different susceptibility testing methods to this class o...

    Authors: Inneke M van der Heijden, Anna S Levin, Ewerton H De Pedri, Liang Fung, Flavia Rossi, Gisele Duboc, Antonio A Barone and Silvia F Costa
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2007 6:8
  26. The clinical management of community-acquired respiratory tract infections (RTIs) is complicated by the increasing worldwide prevalence of antibacterial resistance, in particular, β-lactam and macrolide resist...

    Authors: Keisuke Sunakawa and David J Farrell
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2007 6:7
  27. Infections caused by multiply drug resistant organisms such as extended spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae are increasing. Carbapenems (imipenem and meropenem) are...

    Authors: Rupal M Mody, Daniel P Erwin, Amy M Summers, Hector A Carrero, Edward B Selby, Allesa J Ewell and Kimberly A Moran
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2007 6:6
  28. Staphylococcus aureus, one of the most frequently isolated pathogens in both hospitals and the community, has been particularly efficient at developing resistance to antimicrobial agents. In developed countries, ...

    Authors: Frédérique Randrianirina, Jean-Louis Soares, Elisoa Ratsima, Jean-François Carod, Patrice Combe, Pierre Grosjean, Vincent Richard and Antoine Talarmin
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2007 6:5
  29. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) remain the common infections diagnosed in outpatients as well as hospitalized patients. Current knowledge on antimicrobial susceptibility pattern is essential for appropriate th...

    Authors: Mohammed Akram, Mohammed Shahid and Asad U Khan
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2007 6:4
  30. In 2002 we investigated an outbreak comprising 231 patients in Norway, caused by Pseudomonas aeruginosa and linked to the use of contaminated mouth swabs called Dent-O-Sept. Here we describe the extent of contami...

    Authors: Bjørn G Iversen, Hanne-Merete Eriksen, Gjermund Bø, Kristian Hagestad, Trond Jacobsen, Eva Engeset, Jørgen Lassen and Preben Aavitsland
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2007 6:3
  31. Wound infections, due to biofilms, are a constant problem because of their recalcitrant nature towards antibiotics. Appropriate antibiotic selection for the treatment of these biofilm infections is important. ...

    Authors: Abi L Clutterbuck, Christine A Cochrane, Jayne Dolman and Steven L Percival
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2007 6:2
  32. Resistance to anti-tuberculosis drugs is a serious public health problem. Multi-drug resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB), defined as resistance to at least rifampicin and isoniazid, has been reported in all region...

    Authors: Hamidou Traore, Sam Ogwang, Kim Mallard, Moses L Joloba, Francis Mumbowa, Kalpana Narayan, Susan Kayes, Edward C Jones-Lopez, Peter G Smith, Jerrold J Ellner, Roy D Mugerwa, Kathleen D Eisenach and Ruth McNerney
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2007 6:1
  33. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia is recognised as an important cause of nosocomial infection, especially in immunocompromised patients, resulting in significant morbidity and mortality. The treatment of S. maltophili...

    Authors: Pauline A Jumaa, Agnes Sonnevend, Tibor Pàl, Mohammed El Hag, Ray Amith and Omar Trad
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2006 5:32
  34. Community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) is a serious pathogen in several regions in the United States. It is unclear which populations are at high risk for the emergence of thes...

    Authors: Simona Bratu, David Landman, Jyoti Gupta, Manoj Trehan, Monica Panwar and John Quale
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2006 5:29
  35. Leptospira are the parasitic bacterial organisms associated with a broad range of mammalian hosts and are responsible for severe cases of human Leptospirosis. The epidemiology of leptospirosis is complex and dyna...

    Authors: Niyaz Ahmed, S Manjulata Devi, M de los Á Valverde, P Vijayachari, Robert S Machang'u, William A Ellis and Rudy A Hartskeerl
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2006 5:28
  36. Sporadic cases of CA-MRSA in persons without risk-factors for MRSA carriage are increasing.

    Authors: Xander W Huijsdens, Beatrix J van Dijke, Emile Spalburg, Marga G van Santen-Verheuvel, Max EOC Heck, Gerlinde N Pluister, Andreas Voss, Wim JB Wannet and Albert J de Neeling
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2006 5:26
  37. combinations of drugs has been proposed as an alternative for oxacillin-resistant staphylococci infections, however, limited information about in vitro combinations are available for multi-resistant strains. The ...

    Authors: Guadalupe Miranda-Novales, Blanca E Leaños-Miranda, Mariano Vilchis-Pérez and Fortino Solórzano-Santos
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2006 5:25
  38. Brucellosis is an endemic disease present in many countries worldwide, but it is rare in Europe and North America. Nevertheless brucella is included in the bacteria potentially used for bioterrorism. The aim o...

    Authors: Aun Turkmani, Alexandros Ioannidis, Athanasia Christidou, Anna Psaroulaki, Feidias Loukaides and Yiannis Tselentis
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2006 5:24
  39. Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (S. maltophilia) has recently emerged as an important nosocomial pathogen. Treatment of invasive infections caused by this organism is difficult as the bacterium is frequently resista...

    Authors: Asma Marzouq Al-Jasser
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2006 5:23
  40. The study was conducted between 2000 and 2003 on 750 human subjects, yielding 850 strains of staphylococci from clinical specimens (575), nasal cultures of hospitalized patients (100) and eye & nasal sources o...

    Authors: Javid A Dar, Manzoor A Thoker, Jamal A Khan, Asif Ali, Mohammed A Khan, Mohammed Rizwan, Khalid H Bhat, Mohammad J Dar, Niyaz Ahmed and Shamim Ahmad
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2006 5:22
  41. Traumatic injuries occurring in agricultural settings are often associated with infections caused by unusual organisms. Such agents may be difficult to isolate, identify, and treat effectively.

    Authors: Lauren Destino, Deanna A Sutton, Anna L Helon, Peter L Havens, John G Thometz, Rodney E Willoughby Jr and Michael J Chusid
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2006 5:21
  42. Alcaligenes xylosoxidans is an aerobic, motile, oxidase and catalase positive, nonfermentative Gram negative bacillus. This bacterium has been isolated from intestine of humans and from various hospital or enviro...

    Authors: Gurdal Yilmaz, Kemalettin Aydin, Iftihar Koksal, Rahmet Caylan, Korhan Akcay and Mehmet Arslan
    Citation: Annals of Clinical Microbiology and Antimicrobials 2006 5:19