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Table 3 Antimicrobial prescriptions according to malaria test results using malaria RDTs

From: The effect of malaria rapid diagnostic tests results on antimicrobial prescription practices of health care workers in Burkina Faso

Percentage of antimicrobial prescribe Children tested positive for malaria infection by microscopy and RDT Children tested negative for malaria infection by microscopy and RDT Risk ratio of antimicrobial prescription for malaria RDT (95% CI) p-value
RDT positive, (n = 798)a Microscopy positive, (n = 589)b RDT negative, (n = 300)a Microscopy negative, (n = 508)b
Antimalarial 762 (95.48) 564 (95.75) 42 (14) 239 (47.04) 7.74 (5.69–10.51) < 0.00001
Antibiotic 578 (72.43) 394 (66.89) 278 (92.66) 462 (90.94) 3.57 (2.37–5.38) < 0.00001
Antiparasitic 118 (14.78) 93 (15.78) 53 (17.66) 78 (15.35) 1.16 (0.90–1.49) 0.240
  1. aRDT was not performed in one child
  2. bMalaria microscopy was not performed in two children