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Table 1 Basic characteristic of the study population comprising of 1099 children under-5 years of age with fever (axillary temperature ≥ 37.5 °C)

From: The effect of malaria rapid diagnostic tests results on antimicrobial prescription practices of health care workers in Burkina Faso

  No (%)
Sex
 Male 607 (55.23)
Age
 ≤ 12 months 306 (27.84)
Recruitment site
 Referral hospital 294 (26.75)
 Health facilities 805 (73.25)
Clinical diagnosis (n = 1099)a
 Malaria based on malaria RDTb 798 (72.68)
 Septicaemia 2 (0.18)
 Gastro-enteritis 268 (24.39)
 Malnourished 33 (3.00)
 Bronchiolitis 101 (9.20)
 Pneumonia 159 (14.47)
 Other GII 56 (5.10)
 Other RTI 155 (14.10)
 Urinary tract infection 15 (1.36)
Laboratory findings
 Malaria based on microscopy (n = 1097)c 589 (53.69)
 Bacterial bloodstream infection (n = 1099) 65 (5.91)
 Parasitic gastro-intestinal infection (n = 757) 215 (28.40)
 Bacterial gastro-intestinal infection (n = 757) 65 (8.59)
 Viral gastro-intestinal infection (n = 757) 29 (3.83)
 Urinary tract infection (n = 739) 11 (1.49)
 Common bacterial pathogens of nasopharynx (n = 629) 153 (24.32)
  1. RDT rapid diagnostic test, GII gastro-intestinal tract infection, RTI respiratory tract infections
  2. aBased on RDT testing and clinical assessment by attending Health Worker
  3. bRDT was not performed for one child N = 1098)
  4. cTwo malaria slides were not performed