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Table 4 PCR positivity for N. gonorrhoeae, C. trachomatis and the BV “signaling” bacteria on IUDs in place for different time periods

From: Culture- and PCR-based detection of BV associated microbiological profile of the removed IUDs and correlation with the time period of IUD in place and the presence of the symptoms of genital tract infection

Bacteria Number of positive samples (%)
IUD < 5 years IUD 5–< 10 years IUD ≥ 10 years All IUDs
n = 32 n = 36 n = 32 n = 100
G. vaginalis 20 (62.5) 22 (61.1) 20 (62.5) 62
A. vaginae 7 (21.8) 13 (36.1) 12 (37.5) 32
Mobiluncus spp. 4 (12.5) 9 (25.0) 10 (31.3) 23
U. urealyticum 4 (12.5) 8 (22.2) 4 (12.5) 16
N. gonorrhoeae 0 0 0 0
C. trachomatis 0 0 1 (3.1) 1
Presence of any combination of the 4 BV “signaling” bacteria 9 14 15 38
Presence of any BV “signaling” bacteria 21 (65.6) 29 (80.6) 26 (81.3) 76
G. vaginalis + A. vaginae 4 7 8 19
G. vaginalis + Mobiluncus spp. 2 0 3 5
A. vaginae + Mobiluncus spp. 0 0 0 0
G. vaginalis + A. vaginae + Mobiluncus spp. 2 3 1 6
G. vaginalis + U. uralyticum 0 1 1 2
G vaginalis + A. vaginae + U. urealyticum 1 2 2 5
A. vaginalis + Mobiluncus sp.+ U. urealyticum 0 0 0 0
G. vaginalis + A. vaginae + Mobiluncus sp. + U. urealyticum 0 1 0 1
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