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Table 2 Clinical symptoms of the patients at the time of removal of the IUD

From: Culture- and PCR-based detection of BV associated microbiological profile of the removed IUDs and correlation with the time period of IUD in place and the presence of the symptoms of genital tract infection

Clinical symptoms Number of patients (%)
IUD < 5 years IUD 5–< 10 years IUD ≥ 10 years All IUDs
n  32 n = 36 n = 32 n = 100
Mean age (range) 39.6 (24–51) 43.5 (30–56) 51.8 (33–73) 44.9 (24–73)
No symptoms of infection at the removal of IUD 14 (43.8) 17 (47.2) 12 (37.5) 43 (43)
 Removal of IUD due to the time in place 8 11 10 29
 Planed pregnancy 3 2 1 6
 Pregnancy beside IUD use 1 0 1 2
 Irregular bleeding 9 7 8 24
 Menopausal/climacteric condition 2 5 5 12
 Leiomyoma 1 3 3 7
Any symptoms of infection at the removal of the IUD 18 (56.2) 19 (52.8) 20 (62.5) 57 (57)
 Fever ≥ 38 °C 5 7 4 16
 Acute vaginal/cervical inflammation 7 8 15 20
 Sever lower abdominal pain 5 15 9 29
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