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Table 4 Multidrug resistance patterns of bacterial isolates form stethoscope diaphragms to commonly used antibiotic classes at JUSH, May–Sep. 2011

From: Bacterial contamination, bacterial profile and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of isolates from stethoscopes at Jimma University Specialized Hospital

Bacteria Quantity Type of antibiotics Isolates (Antibiotics Classes)
Min. C,P 5(2)
S. aureus Max. C,CIP,CN,E,FOX,P,TE,TS 14(8)
Min. C,P 8(2)
Klebsiella spp. Max. AP,C,CIP,CN,CTX,TE,TS 2(7)
Min. AP,CTX 1(2)
Citrobacter spp . Max. AP,C,CIP,CN,CTX,NA,TE,TS 8(7)
Min. AP,CTX 1(2)
Salmonella spp . Max. AP,C,CN,CTX 8(4)
Min. AP,CN,CTX 1(3)
Proteus spp. Max. AP,C,CN,CTX 5(4)
Min. AP,CTX 1(2)
Enterobacter spp . Max. AP,C,CIP,CN,CTX,NOR,TE,TS 1(7)
Min. AP,CTX 2(2)
P. aeruginosa Max. AP,C,CN,CTX,NA,TE,TS 1(7)
Min. AP,C,CN,CTX,TE,TS 2(6)
E. coli Max. AP,CTX,NA 1(3)
  1. Key: CoNS Coagulase negative staphylococci, AP Ampicillin, C Chloramphenicol, CIP Ciprofloxacin, CN Gentamicin, CTX Cefotaxime, DA Clindamycin, E Erythromycin, FOX Cefoxitin, NOR Norfloxacin, P Penicillin G, TE Tetracycline, TS Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole\Co-trimoxazole.