Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 3 Interpersonal characteristics of patients who were adherent and non-adherent to ART

From: Adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) during the early months of treatment in rural Zambia: influence of demographic characteristics and social surroundings of patients

  Total Not full adherence Full adherence  
  (n=157) (n=63) (n=94) p-value
  n(%) n(%) n(%)  
Disclose to First wife/husband if married     
 Yes 89 (85.6) 35 (77.8) 54 (91.5) 0.048 a*
 No 15 (14.4) 10 (22.2) 5 (8.5)  
First additional sexual partner     
 Yes 13 (59.1) 7 (63.6) 6 (54.5) 1.000 b
 No 9 (40.9) 4 (36.4) 5 (45.5)  
People in community know my HIV status even though I did not tell them     
 Yes 48 (38.6) 21 (37.5) 27 (31.0) 0.424 a
 No or unsure 95 (66.4) 35 (62.5) 60 (69.0)  
First wife/husband’s HIV status if married (including divorced, separated, widow/widower)     
 Positive 58 (44.6) 20 (37.7) 38 (49.4) 0.190 a
 Negative or unsure 72 (55.4) 33 (62.3) 39 (50.6)  
First wife/husband is (was) on ART (including divorced, separated, widow/widower)     
 Yes 36 (29.3) 10 (20.0) 26 (35.6) 0.062 a
 No or unsure 87 (70.7) 40 (80.0) 47 (64.4)  
First additional sexual partner’s HIV status     
 Positive 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0  
 Negative or unsure 21 (100.0) 10 (100.0) 11 (100.0)  
First additional sexual partner is on ART     
 Yes 0 0.0 0 0.0 0 0.0  
 No or unsure 18 (100.0) 9 (100.0) 9 (100.0)  
  1. a: Pearson’s chi-square test; b: Fisher’s exact test; *p<0.05.