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Table 2 Sociodemographic, physical mental health characteristics of patients who were adherent and non-adherent to ART

From: Adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) during the early months of treatment in rural Zambia: influence of demographic characteristics and social surroundings of patients

  Total Not full adherence Full adherence  
  (n=157) (n=63) (n=94) p-value
  n(%) n(%) n(%)  
Site     
 Mumbwa District Hospital 74 (47.1) 32 (50.8) 42 (44.7) 0.452
 Rural Health Centers 83 (52.9) 31 (49.2) 52 (55.3)  
Age     
 <35 years old 70 (46.1) 25 (41.7) 45 (48.9) 0.381
 ≥35 years old 82 (53.9) 35 (58.3) 47 (51.1)  
Sex     
 Female 94 (59.9) 30 (47.6) 64 (68.1) 0.010*
 Male 63 (40.1) 33 (52.4) 30 (31.9)  
Education     
 No or primary incomplete 77 (49.4) 30 (48.4) 47 (50.0) 0.844
 Primary complete or more 79 (50.6) 32 (51.6) 47 (50.0)  
Marital status     
 Married 105 (66.9) 45 (71.4) 60 (63.8) 0.321
 Not married 52 (3.1) 18 (28.6) 34 (36.2)  
Occupation     
 Agriculture 107 (68.2) 26 (41.3) 24 (25.5) 0.038*
 Others 50 (31.8) 37 (58.7) 70 (74.5)  
Transportation     
 On foot 80 (51.0) 36 (57.1) 44 (48.8) 0.204
 Others 77 (49.0) 27 (42.9) 50 (53.2)  
Time required for transportation to health facilities by above method     
 Within one hour 70 (45.2) 29 (46.8) 41 (44.1) 0.742
 More than one hour 85 (54.8) 33 (53.2) 52 (55.9)  
Transportation cost     
 Zero 127 (80.9) 50 (79.4) 77 (81.9) 0.690
 More than zero 30 (19.1) 13 (20.6) 17 (18.1)  
Lack of food during the past 30 days     
 Yes 61 (38.9) 14 (22.2) 47 (50.0) <0.001***
 No 96 (61.1) 49 (77.8) 47 (50.0)  
Knowing HIV status     
 Within 30 days 65 (41.7) 37 (39.8) 28 (44.4) 0.562
 More than 30 days 91 (58.3) 56 (60.2) 35 (55.6)  
Functional status     
 Working 138 (87.9) 58 (92.1) 80 (85.1) 0.190
 Ambulant or bed lid 19 (12.1) 5 (7.9) 14 (14.9)  
Tuberculosis     
 Positive 11 (7.1) 5 (7.9) 6 (6.5) 0.722
 Negative or not sure 145 (92.9) 58 (92.1) 87 (93.5)  
  1. Pearson’s chi-square test; *p<0.05;***p<0.001.