Percentage reduction graph for 24 hr study. Percentage reduction from the initial bacterial concentration at '0 hour' calculated after 24 hours of exposure of MSSA to ciprofloxacin at MIC and sub-MIC concentration and maggot ES in combination with ciprofloxacin at various concentrations. The cell number was calculated over a range of dilutions and averaged. Each dilution was plated in triplicates for zero and 24 hours. The combination experiments were repeated seven times with ES collected on the day of experiment.