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Table 2 The inhibition Zone (mm) of antimicrobial medicinal plants against clinical isolates of oral cancer cases

From: In vitro antimicrobial activity of ten medicinal plants against clinical isolates of oral cancer cases

Plant species Fractions extract S. a S. e P. v P. m E. c K. p P. a C. a A. f
A. tenuifolius I 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  II 0 0 0 10.33 ± 0.5*** 0 10.33 ± 0.5** 0 0 10.66 ± 0.5*
  III 0 10.33 ± 0.5** 10.33 ± 0.5*** 10.66 ± 0.5** 11.33 ± 0.5** 15.33 ± 1 NS 11 ± 1.7*** 0 10.33 ± 1.5*
  IV 10.33 ± 0.5*** 10.67 ± 0.5*** 0 11 ± 1.7*** 13.33 ± 0.5*** 10.33 ± 0.5* 15.67 ± 1.1* 10.33 ± 1.5 NS 10 ± 0 NS
  V 0 11.67 ± 0.5** 10.33 ± 0.5** 10 ± 0* 12.33 ± 1.1** 11 ± 0.57* 0 0 0
  VI 0 0 0 0 13.67 ± 0.5*** 0 0 0 0
  Control 20.66 ± 0.5 20 ± 1 18.33 ± 1 17.33 ± 0.5 16.33 ± 1.1 15.33 ± 1.5 19.33 ± 1.1 10.33 ± 0.5 11 ± 1
A. racemosus I 0 0 12.33 ± 0.5*** 0 0 0 0 16.66 ± 1.5*** 0
  II 0 11.66 ± 0.5*** 0 13.66 ± 1.5** 9 ± 1*** 13.66 ± 1** 12.66 ± 0.5** 10.33 ± 0.5*** 0
  III 0 0 0 0 0 11.66 ± 0.5 NS 0 0 0
  IV 13.66 ± 0.5*** 12.66 ± 0.5*** 14 ± 1.5*** 14.33 ± 0.5*** 15.33 ± 0.5NS 16.33 ± 1.1 ** 13.33 ± 1.1** 11.66 ± 0.5*** 11.1 ± 1 NS
  V 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 10.33 ± 0.5 NS
  VI 0 0 9.33 ± 1.5 0 0 0 0 13.66 ± 0.5*** 0
  Control 18.33 ± 0.5 21.33 ± 2.0 19.33 ± 1 18.33 ± 0.5 14.66 ± 1 18.66 ± 0.5 18.66 ± 0.5 23 ± 0.5 11.66 ± 0.5
B. aegyptiaca I 0 18.33 ± 0.5* 11.66 ± 0.5*** 0 12.33 ± 0.5*** 0 12.33 ± 1.1*** 10.33 ± 1.5*** 0
  II 11 ± 0.5*** 20.33 ± 0.5NS 10.33 ± 0.5*** 0 0 10.66 ± 0.5*** 10 ± 0*** 0 0
  III 0 22.33 ± 0.05 NS 12.33 ± 1.5** 0 11.33 ± 0.5*** 11 ± 1*** 13 ± 1.7*** 0 0
  IV 0 0 0 0 0 0 16.66 ± 1.1** 0 0
  V 10.33 ± 0.5*** 18.33 ± 0.5 NS 0 0 0 18.66 ± 0.5* 11.66 ± 0.5*** 0 0
  VI 10 ± 1*** 12.33 ± 0.5** 0 0 10.66 ± 1.1*** 12.33 ± 0.5*** 10.66 ± 1.5*** 0 0
  Control 20.33 ± 1 25.33 ± 0.05 18.66 ± 0.5 19 ± 1 14.66 ± 0.5 25.33 ± 0.57 21 ± 1.5 18 ± 1 13.33 ± 0.5
C. diurnum I 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  II 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  III 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  IV 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  V 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  VI 0 10.66 ± 0.5** 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  Control 21.33 ± 1.5 18.66 ± 1.5 19.33 ± 1.5 20 ± 0.5 15.66 ± 1.1 20.33 ± 1.5 17.33 ± 2.0 11.33 ± 1.5 10.33 ± 0.5
C. dichotoma I 10 ± 0.5** 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  II 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  III 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  IV 11.33 ± 0.5** 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  V 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  VI 0 10.33 ± 0.5** 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  Control 18.33 ± 0.5 21.33 ± 2.0 19 ± 1 18.33 ± 0.5 15.33 ± 1 18.33 ± 0.05 18.66 ± 0.08 10.33 ± 0.5 11.33 ± 0.5
E. alba I 0 0 0 0 11.66 ± 1.1*** 10.33 ± 0.5** 10.33 ± 0.5*** 0 0
  II 0 11.33 ± 0.5*** 0 10.33 ± 0.5*** 11 ± 1*** 12.67 ± 0.5* 0 0 0
  III 10.33 ± 0.5*** 10.33 ± 0.5*** 0 0 0 11.66 ± 0.5* 0 12 ± 0 NS 0
  IV 0 0 0 0 0 12.66 ± 0.5* 0 0 0
  V 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 ± 1** 13.33 ± 1.1 NS 0
  VI 0 0 0 0 0 0 11.33 ± 1.5** 0 0
  Control 18.33 ± 0.05 18.66 ± 1.5 17.33 ± 0.5 17.66 ± 0.5 16.66 ± 1.1 20.33 ± 1.5 17 ± 1.7 11.66 ± 1.5 11.33 ± 1.5
M. koenigii I 12 ± 1*** 0 0 0 0 0 10.33 ± 0.5** 0 10.33 ± 0.5 NS
  II 14.33 ± 0.5** 13.33 ± 0.5** 13.67 ± 0.5*** 14.33 ± 0.5** 13 ± 0.5* 10.33 ± 0.5** 10.67 ± 0.5*** 10.67 ± 0.5 NS 14.33 ± 0.5 NS
  III 0 0 0 0 0 10.33 ± 0.5** 0 0 10.67 ± 0.5 NS
  IV 14.33 ± 0.5** 14.33 ± 0.5* 14.33 ± 0.5*** 10.33 ± 0.5*** 0 12.67 ± 0.5** 10 ± 0** 10.33 ± 0.5 NS 14.33 ± 0.5 NS
  V 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  VI 0 0 11.67 ± 0.5*** 0 0 0 0 0 0
  Control 18.66 ± 0.5 19.66 ± 0.5 25.66 ± 1 20.3 ± 0.5 19.66 ± 0.5 15 ± 0.5 19.33 ± 1.1 10.33 ± 0.5 11 ± 1
P. murex I 0 14.33 ± 0.5*** 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  II 0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
  III 14.66 ± 0.5*** 10.33 ± 1*** 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
  IV 9.66 ± 0.5** 10.66 ± 0.5*** 0 0 10.66 ± 1.1*** 13.33 ± 1.1*** 0 0 0
  VI 0 0 0 0 0 0 10.33 ± 0.5*** 9.33 ± 1.5** 0
  V 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 ± 0** 11 ± 1* 8 ± 0.5 NS
  Control 21.33 ± 1.5 25.33 ± 0.5 19.33 ± 1.5 20.33 ± 0.5 19.33 ± 0.5 2.333 ± 2.6 17.33 ± 2.0 12.66 ± 1.1 10.33 ± 0.5
R. communis I 10.66 ± 1.1*** 0 0 0 0 0 10.33 ± 0.5*** 0 -
  II 12.33 ± 0.5** 0 10.66 ± 0.5*** 11.66 ± 0.5*** 0 11.33 ± 1.5*** 12.33 ± 1.1*** 0 -
  III 0 0 0 0 0 0 11 ± 1.7*** 0 -
  IV 0 0 10.33 ± 1.5*** 0 0 0 12.66 ± 1.5*** 0 -
  V 0 0 0 0 12.33 ± 1.1*** 10.33 ± 0.5*** 10 ± 0*** 0 -
  VI 0 9.66 ± 0.5** 0 0 14.33 ± 1.1*** 0 16 ± 0.5* 0 -
  Control 20.66 ± 1.5 19.66 ± 0.5 19.66 ± 0.5 17.33 ± 0.5 16.33 ± 0.5 20.33 ± 2.0 19.33 ± 1.1 10.33 ± 0.5 11 ± 1
T. foenum graecum I 11 ± 1.1*** 12.33 ± 1 NS 10.67 ± 0.5*** 10.33 ± 0.5** 10.33 ± 1.5*** 11.33 ± 0.5** 10.33 ± 0.5** 0 13.1 ± 1.1 NS
  II 13.67 ± 1.5** 11.67 ± 0.5*** 12.33 ± 0.5** 11.66 ± 0.5*** 12.33 ± 0.5*** 10.33 ± 0.5** 0 11.67 ± 0.5 NS 0
  III 10.33 ± 0.5** 13.660.5** 12.67 ± 0.5*** 0 10.67 ± 0.5** 10.33 ± 0.5*** 0 10 ± 0.5 NS 0
  IV 0 0 0 0 0 0 10 ± 0*** 0 0
  V 0 0 0 0 0 0 10.33 ± 0.5** 0 0
  VI 0 0 0 0 0 0 11.33 ± 0.5** 0 0
  Control 18.33 ± 0.5 17.33 ± 0.5 26 ± 1 17.33 ± 0.5 18.33 ± 1 16 ± 2 19.33 ± 1.1 10.33 ± 0.5 11 ± 1
  1. Abbreviations: 0, no activity; S. a, S. aureus; S. e, S. epidermidis; P. v, Proteus vulgaris; P. m, Proteus mirabilis; E. c, E.coli; K. p, Klebsiella pneumonia; P. a, Pseudomonas aeruginosa; C. a, Candida albicans; A.s Aspergillus fumigatus; Control, Streptomycin (bacteria), Ketocanozole (fungi); I, Petroleum ether; II, Benzene; III, Chloroform; IV, Acetone; V, Methanol; VI Aqueous; P < .05, less significant*; P < .01, significant**; P < .001, highly significant***.